Friends, today we are going to talk about a person, Who had devoted his entire life to the independence of India.
Yes, friends, we are talking about Chander Shekhar Azad, he was successful in instilling a sense of freedom in his country as well as in other countries.
And this is the reason, that Chandrashekhar Azad has been a very important contributor to India’s independence.
Chandrasekhar Azad was a brave warrior and could never become a slave under British rule. And He believed in karma more than appearances.
So Friends let’s know the life story of Chandra Shekhar Azad. (History of Chandra Shekhar Azad)
Let’s Start Biography of Chandra Shekhar Azad
Bioghraphy Chandra Sekhar Azad
- Born:- 23 July 1906, Bhavra, British India.
- Died:- 27 February 1931 (aged 24), Allahabad, British India
- Cause of death:- Suicide by gunshot
- Occupation:- Revolutionary leader, Freedom fighter, Political activist
- Organization:- Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
- Movement:- Indian Independence Movement
Early Life Of Chandra Shekhar Azad
Chandrashekhar Azad was born on 23 July 1906, in a small village in Bhavra, British India.
At birth, his name was Chandra Shekhar Tiwari, his father’s name was Sita Ram Tiwari and his mother’s name was Jagrani Devi.
By the way, his family used to live in Uttar Pradesh, but due to the famine there, his family was shifted to Madhya Pradesh.
Since childhood, Chandrashekhar Azad did not like the slavery of the British, Nor did he like the British living in India.
Looking at the oppression of the British, Chandra Shekhar Azad had an idea in his mind from childhood, that one day India should be given freedom from British rule. Chandrasekhar Azad was from a Brahmin family, so his mother wanted, Chandra Shekhar to go to Kashi and complete Sanskrit study.
But Chandrasekhar Azad did not approve of this at all.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
And on 13 April 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place, in which about 1600 innocent people lost their lives.
After this accident, the whole country was unhappy and at the same time, a sense of freedom had arisen among the people of the country.
And this incident made the hidden revolutionary inside Chandra Shekhar Azad out.
And then Chandrashekhar Azad was 15 years old and in 1921 he participated in Gandhiji’s Non-Cooperation Movement. And during this movement, Chandra Shekhar Azad was arrested along with a lot of patriots.
(In jail, a British officer asked Chandra Shekhar his name, he told his name Azad and then asked his father’s name, he told his father’s name independence.)
Listening to Chandra Shekhar Azad’s answers, a British officer punished Azad very severely, Even after getting the punishment, Chandra Shekhar Azad did not give up and kept chanting (Bharat Mata Ki Jai, Bharat Mata Ki Jai) continuously. After this, the name of Chandra Shekhar Tiwari was changed to Chandra Shekhar Azad.
Join HRA And Kakori Conspiracy
In 1922, the Non-Cooperation Movement was stopped by Gandhiji, after this Chandra Shekhar Azad decided to work on his own according.
During this time Azad met a man named Manmakt Nath Gupta. And then Azad met Mill Ram Prasad through Gupta.
Mil Ram Prasad was the founder of the Hindustan Republican Association. Mill Ram Prasad was very impressed with Azad, so he made Azad the mother member of the Hindustan Republican Association. Here was Azad’s job to steal Fund because this Fund was forcibly collected from the poor.
Then after some time, they decided to commit a big theft, and On 9 August 1925, robbed a train completely. This incident is known as Kakori Kand.
In this mission, many revolutionaries were caught by the police, but the police failed to catch Chandra Shekhar Azad.
Death Of Lala Lajpat Rai
After the Kakori scandal, Hindustan Republican Association had become very weak. That’s why, in 1928 Chandrashekhar Azad, along with Bhagat Singh, changed its name to the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. And then Lala Lajpat Rai died during an agitation.
Then, to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat, Chandra Shekhar Azad, along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, killed British police officer John Sanders.
Jailed Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru And Sukh Dev
In 1931, Bhagat Singh, Raj Guru and Sukh Dev were locked inside the jail and were sentenced to be hanged.
Death Of Chandra Shekhar Azad
Chandra Shekhar Azad went to Allahabad to reduce his partner’s sentence.
Azad was on 27 February 1931, sitting in Alfred Park, Allahabad, suddenly the British police came to know that Azam was alone and the police surrounded the park. Chandra Shekhar Azad did not have many weapons, but he faced his enemies.
And when there was only one bullet left in his gun, he shot himself. Because he did not want his death from the British police bullet.