Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Biography: Today is the death anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, former President of India. Radhakrishnan was a pioneer of Indian culture, an eminent educationist and a great philosopher. He became the Vice President of India in 1952 and was elected President of India in 1962; He held office until 1967.
Who was Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?
He was awarded Bharat Ratna, Order of Merit, Knight Bachelor and Templeton Prize. Dr. Radhakrishnan considered the whole world as one school. He believed that only through education can the human mind be properly utilized. Therefore, the world should manage education as a single entity. He said that wherever he gets to learn something, he should take it off in his life.
- Born: 05/09/88
- Religion: Hinduism
- Place of Birth: Thiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India (now in Tamil Nadu, India)
- Nationality: Indian
- Father: Sarvepalli Veeraswami
- Mother: Sitamma
- Died: 17 April 1975 (aged 86) Madras (now Chennai), Tamil Nadu, India
- Spouse Name: Sivakamu, Lady Radhakrishnan
- Chidren: Five daughters and One son
- Education: “Radhakrishnan was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. He joined Voorhees College in Vellore but then moved to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated from there in 1906 with a Master’s degree in Philosophy, being one of its most distinguished alumni.
- Profession before joining politics: Professor of Philosophy
- Known for contribution as: “Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if 5 September is observed as Teachers’ Day.”
- Political Career: British Raj, Indian independence movement and Indian Independence
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Early Life
- Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born on 5 September 1888, in Thiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India, into a Telugu Brahmin family. His father’s name was Sarvepalli Veeraswami and his mother’s name was Sitamma.
- His father worked as a subordinate revenue official in the service of a local zamindar (landlord) and the family was a modest one. He did not want his son to receive an English education and wanted him to become a priest. But life had other plans for the young boy.
- Radhakrishnan received his education from K.V High School at Thiruttani before moving to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in Tirupati in 1896. A good student, he earned many scholarships.
- He attended Voorhees College in Vellore for some time before moving on to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He studied philosophy and earned his master’s degree in 1906. His thesis for the M.A. degree was on “The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Presuppositions”.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Awards and Honours
- 1931: appointed a Knight Bachelor in 1931, although he ceased to use the title “”Sir”” after India attained independence.
- 1938: elected Fellow of the British Academy.
- 1954: the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.
- 1954: German “”Order pour le Merite for Arts and Science””
- 1961: the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.
- 1962: Institution of Teacher’s Day in India, yearly celebrated at 5 September, Radhakrishnan’s birthday, in honour of Radhakrishnan’s believe that “”teachers should be the best minds in the country””.
- 1963: the British Order of Merit.
- 1968: Sahitya Akademi fellowship,The highest honour conferred by the Sahitya Akademi on a writer(he is the first person to get this award)
- 1975: the Templeton Prize in 1975, a few months before his death, for advocating non-aggression and conveying “a universal reality of God that embraced love and wisdom for all people”. He donated the entire amount of the Templeton Prize to Oxford University.
- 1989: institution of the Radhakrishnan Scholarships by Oxford University in the memory of Radhakrishnan. The scholarships were later renamed the “Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships”.
Facts about Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
- Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President of India from 1952-1962 and the second President of India from 1962-1967.
- He is The One Of the Most Distinguished Person of 20th Century.
- He is the great Philosopher and Politician.
- He had also held the position of Vice Chancellor at Andhra University (1931-1936) and Benaras Hindu University (1939-1948). At Delhi University he was the Chancellor from 1953-1962.
- He is the First Vice President and Second President of India.
- He also Represented India At UNESCO and was latere to Ambassador of India To Soviet Union
- He Doesn’t Opted Philosophy by Choice but opted by Chance. Because Due To his Poor Family Background …..His One Of the cousin Passed Away and His Textbooks Passed to Him. In this Way, He Becomes One Of the Greatest Philosophers of 20th Century.
- He Also Defended Hinduism From Western Culture.
- He Once Represented Unversity of calcutta at the Congress of Universities of British Empire In June 1926 & The International Congress Of Philosophers at Harvard University in September 1926.
- He Once Invited To give Lecture known as ‘Hibbert Lecture’ on the Ideals Of Life at Harris Manchester College and Later The Book Published On his Lecture ‘An Idealist View Of Life’.
- He has Started His Political Career Rather Later In life, After His Successful Academic career.
- In his memory, the Oxford University started the Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships and the Radhakrishnan Memorial Award.
Teacher’s Day is celebrated on his birthday since 1962 and the day is marked with teachers and students reporting to school as usual but the usual activities and classes being replaced by activities of celebration, thanks and remembrance.