How To Manage Diabetes: It’s a fact that India has the largest number of patients with diabetes in the world. Diabetes is a disease which, if not controlled, calls for many diseases and health problems. Due to uncontrolled diabetes, over time there is an increased risk of high blood pressure, heart and kidney related diseases, but by taking some reflexes, this merge can be controlled.
Awareness is Important
The amount of glucose in the blood of a person with diabetes exceeds the requirement. The food we eat converts to energy in the stomach. We call that energy glucose. The blood carries this glucose to all the cells of our body, but glucose has to be transported within millions of cells present in our body. This work is about insulin. Insulin is made in our body in the pancreas. Glucose cannot enter cells without insulin.
A normal healthy person is on empty stomach, the level of sugar in blood is 70 to 99 mg. This level is 139 mg after eating. It is reduced by, but after diabetes, this level is not normal. There are mainly two types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 Diabetes
During type 1 diabetes, insulin production in the body stops or production is greatly reduced. In such a situation, the patient has to give insulin from outside. Type 1 diabetes can be controlled, but not completely eradicated. It can occur at any time in childhood. It can even be in infancy. Type 1 diabetes is found in 1 to 2 percent people in the country. It is compulsory for sufferers to take insulin, otherwise it can become life-threatening.
Type 1 symptoms
- More thirsty.
- Excessive urination.
- More hungry.
- Sudden weight loss.
- Feeling tired
Ways to control type 1
In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells of the pancreas are unable to produce insulin. Therefore, no drugs work in type-1 diabetes, rather insulin is effective.
- Regular monitoring of sugar is mandatory before taking insulin.
- One should have a balanced diet and exercise daily.
- The amount of fat in the diet should be kept low and sweet foods should be avoided.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes, your body does not make enough amount of insulin or is unable to use insulin properly. People suffering from this type of diabetes can be treated by giving balanced diet, regular exercise and medicines or by giving insulin. Type 2 diabetes is related to wrong lifestyle and gene related factors.
They are more vulnerable Type 2 Diabetes
- If your parents have diabetes. Diabetes is also possible due to genetic reasons.
- Your weight is more than normal.
- You are over 40 years old.
- You don’t exercise
- If a woman has had diabetes during pregnancy. If a woman is born with a child weighing more than 4 kg, then there is an increased risk of diabetes in that woman.
Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
- Feeling very thirsty. Constant hunger.
- Feeling tired.
- frequent urination.
- Numbness or tingling of hands and feet.
- Frequent infections.
- Wound healing late.
- Blurred vision.
How to Take Care of Yourself with Sugar
You need to keep your blood sugar as normal as possible. For this you Take care of yourself like this
- Regularly check blood sugar with a glucometer.
- Eat a balanced and nutritious diet. Reduce fat intake.
- Eat 20 grams of fiber every day. Like vegetables, whole pulse, whole fruits etc.
- Do not consume refined flour and avoid sweet foods.
- Exercise for 30 minutes every day.
- Take medicines and insulin on time.
- Get the glucose level checked.
- Identify the symptoms of low or high glucose level.
- If you are overweight, lose weight. Obesity further aggravates diabetes complications.
Control Weight in Diabetes
Usually diabetes is a disease related to lifestyle. Therefore, awareness of this merge is needed apart from medicines.
These are some of the leading causes of diabetic routines, impulsive eating, lack of a definite rule for sleeping and getting up, and a highly stressful lifestyle with diabetes. However, the disease is also possible due to genetic reasons.
Possible Prevention in Diabetes
However, a systematic lifestyle can prevent diabetes to a great extent or avoid its side effects. Prevention of this merge is possible with regular exercise, yoga, balanced diet and controlled weight gain and medications.
Obesity and Diabetes
Uncontrolled body weight call for all diseases. Such as diabetes and high blood pressure etc. According to a study, about 80 percent of people who are highly obese suffer from diabetes. It has been observed that if people with diabetes control their body weight, then diabetes is also controlled to a large extent. Not only this, many of the side effects on the body due to obesity can also be got rid of.
Surgical Treatment of Obesity
It is true that obesity can be controlled to a large extent by taking regular exercise, yoga and balanced diet. Despite this, there are many people whose obesity is not reduced or controlled even after following the above rules, but now diabetes is also being relieved by surgery, the results of which are quite encouraging. Surgery to reduce obesity is called bariatric surgery. After this surgery, obesity of most patients is controlled and their blood sugar is also controlled to a great extent. Bariatric surgery includes sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass and allium transposition etc. This surgery is done using binocular method and most of the people are discharged from the hospital in two-three days. This surgery is performed by an experienced bariatric surgeon. Bariatric surgery does not mean that regular exercise or a systematic lifestyle is of no importance. If diabetes is less than five years old, then surgery effect is best in such people.
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