Facts about Rigveda

Vedas are considered the “sacred knowledge” of the Aryans, a set of people from the Middle East, who invaded India during the 1600 B.C.

Rigveda

Rigveda is Vedic Sanskrit – In this Veda, the Priest of Hotha or Hotrvarg used to ignite the fire in the yagya kund and call upon the gods by the Veda mantras. Rigveda is the most sacred and ancient texts of the Aryans.

There are 1028 suktas have been compiled in Rigveda, it also includes Balkhilya sukta, whose number is 11. Each of these sukta contains mantras from 3 to 100. Rigveda has 1028 Sukta, 10 divisions and 3 branches.

  • According to Tilak – Rig Veda was composed in 6000 BC.
  • Maxmulor – 1200-1000 BC (closest opinion)
  • Winter Nits – 3000 BC
  • Valid opinion – 1500-1000 BC

Three branches of Rigveda-

  • Sakal Branch- 1017 Mantra (currently available)
  • Vashakal branch- There are 57 Mantras in the Vashakal branch.
  • Balkhilya branch- There are 11 mantras in the branch.

Brahmin texts of Rigveda –

  • Aitareya Brahmin

In the Aitareya Brahmana, among the Panchajans, Dev, Man, Gandharva, Apsara, Pitras are enumerated. First, the principle of the origin of the king is found in Atereya Brahmin and the information about the karmas of the four classes is also found in this Brahmin.

  • Kaushitaki Brahmin

Subdivision of Rigveda is Ayurveda. Dhanvantari the composer of Ayurveda.

Division of Rigveda- There are 10 divisions in Rig Veda, of which 2 to 7th division is the oldest and also called Gautrah Mandal because these were composed by Rishis of Gautrah vishesh. The 1st and the 10th Division are the newest divisions.

  • Division of Rigveda – Composer
  • Second Division- Grtsamad bhaargav
  • Third Division – Vishvamitra (In this 3 mantras are composed by 3 kings -Ajmeedh, Purmeedh, Trasdasyu)
  • Fourth Division – Vamdev
  • Fifth Division – Atari
  • Sixth Division – Bharadwaj
  • Seventh Division – Vashishth
  • Eighth Division – Kanadv Angiras
  • Among the male author of the Rigveda sukta, major are the Gratsamad, Vishwamitra, Vamdev, Atri, Bhardwaj, Vashishta, etc.
  • In the 95th Sukta of the 10th Division of the Rig Veda, there is a dialogue of Pururwa, Ail, and Urvasi.
  • Lopamudra, Ghosha, Shachee, Kanshavratti, Paulomi, etc. are major among the female author’s of Suktas.
  • In this Veda, the word Sapta Sindhavah is used everywhere for the residence of the Aryans.
  • Names of some non-aryan such as Kikathas, Pisakaas, Seemiyan, etc. have been mentioned in the Rig Veda.
  • In this, the Ganga has been used once and the Yamuna has been used three times.
  • The King’s post was hereditary in the Rig Veda.
  • In the Rig Veda, the word vay(वाय) is used to weaver and the word ththr(ततर) is used in the meaning of the loom.
  • About 25 rivers have been mentioned in this Veda in which the description of the most important river Indus is more, and Sarasvati is considered the most sacred river and it has also been mentioned several times.
  • Names of Soot, Rathkar, and Karmar have been mentioned in Rigveda who was present at the time of the coronation. These are 12 in numbers including the king.
  • The Rigveda mentions 33 gods and goddesses. In this Ved, the fire has been called Aashirsha, Apaad, Ghritmukh, Ghrit Prashdh, Ghrit-Lome, Archilom, and Vabhralom.
  • The phrase “Asato Maa Sad Gamaya” has been taken from the Rig Veda. The “Gayatri Mantra” is mentioned in the Rigveda addressing the goddess Savitri related to the Sun.
  • In a division of the Rig Veda, there are shlokas in the praise of only one deity and that is Som Devta.
  • Som Ras has been praised in 9th Division of Rig Veda. In this Veda, the word Ahanya has been used for the cow.
  • Hiranyapind, Takshan, and Tvashtra have been described in this Veda. Ashwin’s description has also happened many times in Rig Veda and he has also been called Nasatya (Ashwani Kumar).
  • This Veda mentions vastra, vaas, and vasan words for the clothes. Bhishak is said to be a doctor of the Gods in this Veda.
  • In the Rigveda, Indra is considered the most popular and most powerful deity. There are 250 verses in the Rigveda in praise of Indra.
  • The 7th division of this Vedas describes the war between Sudaas and ten kings, which was fought on the banks of the river Purushani (Ravi) and Sudaas won in this war.
  • In Rigveda, Panchjanya was said due to having five tribes of the Aryans. These were-Puru, Yadu, Anu, Turvashu and Drahayu. Only the Himalaya Mountains and one of its peak Mujvant have been mentioned in this Vedas.
  • In Rigveda, there are examples of girls who had been unmarried for a long time or for a lifetime. These girls were called Amaju.
  • Avrat (not adhering to the vow), mridhavacha (obscure voice speaker), anaas (flat nose) is said for the non-aryans in the Rig Veda.
  • In the Rig Veda, Jan is mentioned 275 times and Vish of 170 times.
  • The mention of agriculture in Rigveda is 24 times. In this Vedas, goddesses like Surya, Usha, and Aditi are described.
  • The Nasdiya Sukta of Rigveda described Nirguna Brahmin.
  • This Vedas mentions polytheism, monotheism, monogamy (एकात्मवाद).

Rivers mentioned in the Rigveda

  • Ancient Name: Parushni; Modern Name: Raavi
  • Ancient Name: Vitasta; Modern Name: Jhelam
  • Ancient Name: Suvastu; Modern Name: Swath
  • Ancient Name: Shtudri; Modern Name: Satlaj
  • Ancient Name: Askini; Modern Name: Chinav
  • Ancient Name: Bipasha; Modern Name: Vyas
  • Ancient Name: Gomati; Modern Name: Gomal
  • Ancient Name: Sindhu; Modern Name: Sindh
  • Ancient Name: Krubhu; Modern Name: Kurram
  • Ancient Name: Kubha; Modern Name: Kabul
  • Ancient Name: Hashdwati; Modern Name: Ghaggher

If you would like to share more interesting facts about Rigveda that are not mentioned here, share them with us in the comments section!

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