Vedas are considered the “sacred knowledge” of the Aryans, a set of people from the Middle East, who invaded India during the 1600 B.C.
The Sama Veda is one of the four Vedas of Hindu scriptures. It is the earliest human literature on music.
Important facts related to Samaveda
- Samaveda is one of the oldest texts in any Indo-European language.
- The Samaveda, also known as the Veda of Melodies or Chants consists of most of what Rig Veda consists, however, in the form set to music.
- Samaveda is believed to have been composed around 1000 BC and some of the oldest parts of the Sama Veda can be dated to as old as composed during the 1700 BC.
- The Sama Veda is the shortest of all 4 Vedas.The total number of verses in the Sama veda-Samhita is 1875 of which 1771 Verses are from the Rigveda and 99 verses belong to Sama Veda.
- The Sama Veda is considered to be the oldest music organization in the world. It contains all the strands of music, including metre, mantra, chhanda and, linguistics.
- The Sama Veda was compiled specifically so that its verses could be chanted at the ceremonies of the Soma-sacrifices. They were sung by Udgatar priests and essentially was a reflection of their world views.
- Sama Veda is the driving force behind emergence of a formal system of music from the ancient liturgical world of music.
- The Sama Veda was mainly compiled so that its verses could be chanted at the ceremonies of the ‘Soma-sacrifices’ – offering chopped vegetables or killed animals to the God. They were sung by ‘Udgatar’ priests and the chants mainly reflected of their world view.
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