The auspicious occasion of Navratri festival, celebrates goddess Durga and her many avatars. Celebrated in the Hindu calendar month of Ashvin, Sharada Navaratri which typically falls in the Gregorian months of September and October. The stories of Dugra Puja marks the victory of good over evil. The festival of Navratri also celebrates the victory of Lord Rama over Ravana. The other type of navratris are Chaitra (Vasanta), Magha and Ashadha.
Navratri 2021: Date, Puja Timings
Navratri is the most significant way of experiencing the essence of Hindu festival in India.
Types Of Navratri:
Navaratri signifies Navsarjan, Nav-Shakti and Nav-Durga.
Shardiya Navratri: celebrated during Shukla Paksh of Ashwin month, i.e. between September and October month.
Chaitra or Vasant Navratari: celebrated during Shukla Paksh of Chaitra month, i.e. between March and April month. The beginning of this Navratri also marks starting of the New Year as per the Hindu lunar calendar.
Shardiya Maha Navratri 2021:
In the year 2021, Navratri festival will be observed from October 7th will last till October 15th. On October 15, Vijayadashami also known as Dussehra will be celebrated. According to drikpanchang, the puja timings are as below:
- Day 1: The first day of Navratri starts with the Ghatasthapana, which falls on the Pratipada Tithi. The Tithi will begin from 4:34 pm on 6 October and continue till 1:46 pm on 7 October. The auspicious timings for the Ghatasthapana are 6:17 am to 7:07 am and 11:45 am to 12:32 pm on 7 October.
- Day 2: The second day will see the Dwitiya Tithi fall on 8 October. The Tithi will prevail from 1:46 pm on 7 October to 10: 48 am on 8 October.
- Day 3: The Tritiya Tithi is scheduled to take place from 10:48 am on 8 October to 7:48 am on 9 October.
- Day 4: The timings for the Chaturthi Tithi are from 7:48 am on 9 October to 4: 55 am on 10 October.
- Day 5: The Panchami Tithi will be marked from 4:55 am on 10 October to 2:14 am on 11 October.
- Day 6: The Shashthi Tithi will take place from 2:14 am on 11 October to 11:50 pm on the same day.
- Day 7: The Saptami Tithi will be marked from 11:50 pm on 11 October to 9:47 pm on 12 October.
- Day 8: Also known as Mahashtami or Maha Durgashtami, the Ashtami Tithi is one of the significant days of Navratri. It will be observed from 9:47 pm on 12 October to 8:07 pm on 13 October.
- Day 9: Also called Mahanavami, the Navami Tithi will prevail between 8:07 pm on 13 October to 6:52 pm on 14 October.
- Day 10: Vijayadashami or the Dashami Tithi celebrates the victory of Goddess Durga over Mahishasura. It is also the final day of Navratri and will be marked from 6:52 pm on 14 October to 6:02 pm on 15 October.
The nine manifested forms of Goddess Durga, known as Navdurga are:
What is the significance of each day of Navratri?
Nine incarnations of Mata are worshipped during Navratri. the names of nine Goddesses are -: Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Skanda Mata, Katyayani, Kaalratri, Maha Gauri and Siddhidatri.
Navratri 2021 Day 1: – Ghatasthapana Puja, Shailputri Puja
The first day of Navratri is dedicated to Goddess Shailputri. Shaila means stone and putri means daughter. So the people worship Goddess Shailputri as a girl child and the daughter of a mountain.
Navratri 2021 Day 2: – Brahmacharini Puja
On the second day of Navratri, people worship Goddess Brahmacharini. Brahmacharya means celibacy. Celibacy brings a lot of strength. The meaning of Brahma is infinity and charya means moving.
Navratri 2021 Day 3: – Chandraghanta Puja, Sindoor Tritiya
The third day of Navratri is dedicated to the Goddess Chandraghanta. The meaning of Chandra is moon and ghanta means bell. Chanting the name of this Devi brings the mind in our control with increased alertness.
Navratri 2021 Day 4: – Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayaka Chauth
The fourth form of mother is Kushmanda. Goddess Kushmanda is worshiped on Chaturthi. By the grace of this form of mother, the ability to take decisions and increase mental power are good.
Navratri 2021 Day 5: – Skandamata Puja, Upang Lalita Vrat
The fifth form of mother Goddess Skandamata, mother Skandamata worshiped on Panchami, is the mother of Skanda. She is depicted riding a ferocious lion, having four arms and holding her baby.
Navratri 2021 Day 6: – Katyayani Puja
The fifth form of mother Goddess Katyani, Katyani was born to the sage, kata as an avatar of durga. Katyayani sits on a lion and she has four hands and 3 eyes.
Navratri 2021 Day 7: – Kalaratri Puja
The seventh form of mother Goddess Kalratri. Kalratri means dark night. The idol of Kalratri has 4 hands.
Navratri 2021 Day 8: – Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Sandhi Puja
The eighth form of mother Goddess Maha Gauri. On this day, Maha Gauri is adorned with white colored jewelry. Maha Gauri signifies tranquility and displays wisdom.
Navratri 2021 Day 9: – Siddhidhatri Puja
The ninth form of mother Goddess Siddhidatri. On this day, mother Siddhidatri sitting on a lotus, she is believed to possess and bestows all type of Siddhis.
Navratri Colours to get the blessings of Mother Durga:
The mother Durga, blesses her devotees to fulfill all their wishes. There is a special importance for worshiping in different colors during these 9 days.
- Day 1 Shailputri: The first day of Navratri is of Pratipada. On this day, Shailputri, the first form of Maa Durga, is worshiped. Wearing yellow clothes.
- Day 2 Brahmacharini: Wearing green clothes while worshiping Mother Brahmacharini on the second day of Navratri is beneficial.
- Day 3 Chandraghanta: Chandraghanta is worshiped on the third day of Navratri on the third form of Mother Durga. On this day, worshiping mother Chandraghanta in gray (gray) colored clothes.
- Day 4 Kushmanda: The fourth day of Navratri is considered extremely sacred. On this day, the fourth form of Durga Maa is worshiped by Kushmanda. Mata Kushmanda loves orange color, she should be worshiped by wearing orange colored clothes.
- Day 5 Skandmata: On the fifth day of Navratri, Mother Skandamata is worshiped by wearing white colored clothes.
- Day 6 Katyayani: The sixth form of Durga Maa is Mata Katyayani. Devotees should worship Goddess Rani by wearing red clothes on this day.
- Day 7 Kalratri: It is considered auspicious to worship Mata Kalratri on the seventh day of Navratri wearing blue clothes.
- Day 8 Mahaguri: On the eight day Astami mahagauri worship is pink clothes do good.
- Day 9 Siddhidatri: On the ninth and last day of Navratri, the rule of worshiping mother Siddhidatri is wearing purple clothes.
Navratri Foods to get the blessings of Mother Durga:
- Day 1 Shailputri: First day of Navratri devotees can offer aloo ka halwa, rajgira ka ladoo or sabudana khichdi for bhog.
- Day 2 Brahmacharini: Second day of Navratri devotees can offer singhare atte ka halwa or kacche kele ki barfi as the bhog to the goddess.
- Day 3 Chandraghanta: Third day of Navratri devotees can offer dishes like sabudana kheer or makhana kheer for the bhog.
- Day 4 Kushmanda: Fourth day Navratri devotees can offer kuttu keatte ka malpua in the form of bhog to the goddess.
- Day 5 Skandmata: Fifth day the best food options include kache kele ki barfi, banana chips, banana walnut lassi and kele ki sabzi.
- Day 6 Katyayani: Sixth day you can go a little creative and make your own vrat-friendly honey chilli potatoes for snacks.
- Day 7 Kalratri: Seventh day of Navratri , you can add jaggery, sabudana kheer, kuttu ke atte ka halwa and even in tea as bhog,
- Day 8 Mahaguri: Eighth day of Navratri bhog made of coconut. You can make coconut barfi as prasad.
- Day 9 Siddhidatri: Dishes like halwa, puri and chana are offered to the goddesses as bhog.