April is the fourth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. It was originally the second month of the year in the Roman calendar and named Martius
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. April 18 has its own special significance in India and world history.
April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar and its predecessor, the Julian calendar. Its name is derived from the latin word aperit, which means to open.
It is also believed that the month’s name is named after the Greek goddess, Aphrodite (Aphros).
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on April 18. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 18 April:
- 1612: Mughal emperor Shah Jahan marries Mumtaz.
- 1738: Real Academy de la Historia is established in Madrid (“Royal Academy of History”).
- 1809: 2000 Guinness deck horse race first held in England.
- 1835: Lord Melbourne becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in place of Sir Robert Peel.
- 1848: Second Anglo-Sikh War ends in Punjab.
- 1859: The leader of the 1857 rebellion, Tatya Tope, hanged.
- 1880: William Evert Gladstone re-Prime Minister defeating Benjamin Disraeli Dhara in the United Kingdom general elections.
- 1899: A Royal Charter St Andrew Ambulance Association was formed by Fournisseur Queen Victoria.
- 1906: An earthquake and fire in San Francisco killed about 4000 people.
- 1917: Mahatma Gandhi selected Champaran in Bihar for Satyagraha.
- 1930: Surya Sen aka Master Da and 62 people from the Indian Republican Army attacked the Chittagong library.
- 1931: Earl of Willingdon was made Viceroy of India.
- 1952: West Germany and Japan establish diplomatic relations.
- 1955: The great scientist Albert Einstein died.
- 1971: The country’s first Jumbo Jet Aircraft 747 named Samrat Ashoka landed in Mumbai.
- 1983: In 1983, 63 people were killed by bombing the United States embassy in Beirut.
- 1991: Kerala is declared the first fully literate state of India.
- 1994: West Indies batsman Brian Lara set a world record for most runs scored in an innings of a Test match by scoring 375 runs.
- 1999: Britain’s leading novelist, biographer and editor Mary Bullins dies at the age of 90.
- 2005: India agrees to give Mumbai-based Jinnah House to Pakistan.
- 2010: 45th Academy of Country Music Awards: Carrie Underwood, Brad Paisley and Miranda Lambert won.
- 2013: 27 killed, 65 injured in bomb blasts in Baghdad, Iraq’s capital.
- 2014: 12 Nepal climbers killed by avalanche in Mount Everest.