August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 02 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 02. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 02 August:
- 1701: France and North American signed Indian castes at the urging of Chief Kondierk by the Great Peace Hurons of Montreal.
- 1738: France assisted Emperor Karel Sahava in the war against Turkey.
- 1763: The British army fought with Mir Qasim in Giriya, West Bengal, the reason for the war was the British army’s capture of Murshidabad.
- 1782: George Washington created an honorary badge of distinction.
- 1790: The American government got the first public meeting in America.
- 1802: In a referendum, Napoleon Bonaparte was confirmed as the first Consul of France.
- 1831: Netherlands forces capture Belgium after a campaign of ten days.
- 1858: Government of India Act passed by the British Government.
- 1858: Government of India transferred the East India Company to the British Crown.
- 1861: Famous scientist Prafulla Chandra Rai, who was an Indian, considered the ‘father of chemistry’.
- 1905: Businessman and right-wing politician Christian Lundberg becomes Prime Minister of Sweden.
- 1922: A storm in China kills about 60,000 people.
- 1980: Suicide bombings in Italy, in which 85 people died.
- 1980: 85 people were killed and more than 200 injured in a terrorist bombing at a railway station in the city of Bologna, Italy
- 1981: Mohammad Ali Rajai was sworn in as the second President of Iran.
- 1984: Euro court stands up against phone tapping.
- 1986: The first film produced by Studio Gabili, Castle in the Sky directed by Hao Miyazaki, was released in Japan.
- 1990: Iraq invades Kuwait, also known as the First Gulf War. The war was internationally condemned and immediate economic sanctions against Iraq were implemented by members of the UN Security Council.
- 1999: China test-fired a missile with a range of 8000 km, capable of surface-to-surface hitting.
- 2001: Pakistan was approved by the Government of India to import sugar from India.
- 2003: The United Nations Security Council allows troops to be sent to Libya to stop the conflict.
- 2004: Lindsay Davenport of America wins the women’s singles title of the San Diego tennis championship by defeating Russia’s Miscini.
- 2007: A super market in Asuncion, the capital of Paraguay, caught fire, killing 300 people.
- 2008: Kiyushu, the southern island of Jaffna, witnessed a severe thunderstorm that caused widespread devastation by Ugasi.