August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 12 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 12. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 12 August:
- 1323: Sweden and the Republic of Novgorod signed the Treaty of Notaborgato temporarily ending the Swedish-Novgorodian Wars.
- 1549: French armies capture the ambulances of England.
- 1602: Emperor Akbar’s minister Abul Fazl was assassinated at the behest of Salim Mirza, who later became Emperor Jahangir.
- 1665: English fleet defeated Dutch fleet.
- 1676: the Puritans and their Native American allies killed the Vampanoagessachem Metacomate (known as ‘King Philip’), essentially ending the Kingfilip’s war.
- 1765: Mughal ruler handed over the Diwali of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the East India Company. It is considered an important event in political and constitutional history.
- 1812: Peninsular War: After the Battle of Salamanca the combined English and Portuguese forces under the command of Wellington entered Madrid.
- 1813: Austria declares war on France.
- 1822 St. David’s College (University of Modern Day Wales, Lampeter) founded in Wales by Bishop Thomas Burgess of St. Wales.
- 1833: The city of Chicago was founded in America.
- 1873: A peace treaty was signed between Imperial Russia and Khanate’s Khiva, making it a Russian protectorate.
- 1877: American astronomer Asaf Hall discovered Deimos, which is smaller than Mars’s two moons.
- 1879: The first National Archery Association tournament was established in Chicago.
- 1883: The last known quagga, a subspecies of the plains zebra, died at the Artis Magistra Zoo in Amsterdam.
- 1883: Death of Artis Magistra Zoo in Amsterdam, the last known quota, a subspecies of field zebra.
- 1898: Spanish-American War: American and Spanish Forces abolished in Cuba.
- 1908: Henry Ford’s car company created the first car model.
- 1909: Indianapolis Motor Speed Way opened in the United States.
- 1919: Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian space program, was born in Ahmedabad.
- 1920: Warsaw fighting between Poland and Russia begins.
- 1927: Burdo Thodol was first published as The Tibetan Book of the Dead in the United States.
- 1936: Diver Marjorie Gestring became the youngest (13 years 268 days) Olympic gold medalist.
- 1944: The Battle of Fallies Pocket began.
- 1944: After a week, after the discriminatory killing of civilians in Wola, Warsaw, Poland, SS General Erich von Dame Bach-Zelewski ordered that any remaining poles be sent to labor or concentration camps.
- 1950: Korean War – Members of the North Korean People’s Army imprison American prisoners of war.
- 1952: Thirteen Jewish poets were hanged in Moscow for spying for false confessions.
- 1955: The famous German novelist Thomas Mann died. He gained a lot of fame from his The Magic Mountain novel.
- 1961: Federal Maritime Commission was established in the United States.
- South Africa has been barred from the Olympic Games in Tokyo due to the terms of the 1964 IOC, including its refusal to demolish its ‘apartheid policies’. South Africa was denied entry to the Olympics in 1992, even after a 28-year suspension.
- 1969: Riots erupted in the Bogside area of Derry and spread across Northern Ireland.
- 1971: Syria ended diplomatic relations with Jordan due to the border dispute.
- 1972: Oil tankers collide near Oswego Guardian and Texanita Stillby, South Africa.
- 1981: IBM introduced its first personal computer, which was priced at 16 thousand dollars.
- 1981: IBM unveils its first personal computer, the IBM 5150, which was sold as an original figure for $ 1,600, but complete with 64 kb of RAM and a single 5 1/4-inch floppy drive. Kind of functional PC to buy and it cost $ 3,525.
- 1981: IBM Personal Computer, the original version and ancestor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform was introduced.
- 1985: Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashed into the ridge of Mounttakmaghara in Gumma Province, Japan, killing 524 in the world’s worst single-plane aviation disaster.
- 1990: Tyrannosaurus Rex or ‘T Rex’ were found by researchers. With the help of this skeleton, scientists came to know many things about the process of development of organisms.
- 1990: American paleontologist Sue Hendrickson found one of the most complete group of tyrannosaurus ever found near Faith, South Dakota, US.
- 2000: Navy class submarine K-141 Kursk’s Russian Navyexploded and sunk in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
- 2002: Russia’s nuclear submarine sinks after a blast, killing all 118 people on board.
- 2005: In an attempt to immigrate to the United States, 104 Ecuador are killed when their ship sinks in the Pacific Ocean. However, 9 people have been rescued after being at sea for two days.
- 2007: Fossil remains of an ancient cypress forest about 8 million years old are found in a coal mine in Bükkábrány, Hungary.
- 2008: The United States Treasury Department bans five Iranian companies to aid the development of Iran’s nuclear program.
- 2009: India’s renowned economist C. Rangarajan was appointed the chairman of the Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council.
- 2009: Astronomers have discovered a planet called WASP-17b, the first planet orbiting in the opposite direction of its star spin.
- 2010: Scientists announced the discovery of a chemical compound that destroys the reproductive capabilities of bacteria, which are antibiotic-resistant.
- 2012: 30th Olympic Games concluded in London.
- 2013: India launches its first aircraft carrier, INS Vikrant.
- 2014: Artur Avila, Manjulabhargava, Martin Hairr, and Maryam Mirzakhani are presented with the Fields Medals. Mirzakhani became the first woman and the first Iranian Fields medalist