August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 13 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 13. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 13 August:
- 1521: After an extended siege, the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes-led Taltani Cuihatemoc was captured by the army and conquered the Aztecapital of Tenochtitlan.
- 1598: the ruler of France, Henry IV, issued the eminent order of Nant. On the basis of this order, Protestant Christians were given full religious freedom.
- 1624: Cardinal Richelieu became Chief Minister of King Louis XIII, and under his supervision, the feudal political barrier of France turned into one with a powerful central government.
- 1642: Dutch astronomer Christian Hughnes traces the peak of the south pole of Mars.
- 1704: War of Spanish Succession – The Duke of Marlborough led the army to an important victory at the Battle of Blenheim.
- 1751: Benjamin Franklin as president The Academy and College Philadelphia, the predecessor of the Private University of Pennsylvania, opened its doors.
- 1779: American Revolutionary War — Off the coast of Maine, the United States suffered its worst naval defeat until the Pearl Neckboarding attack on World War II.
- 1784: Pitts India Bill for administrative reforms introduced in British Parliament.
- 1784: British Parliament accepted the East India Company Act of 1784, which could bring the control of the East India Company into India by the British government.
- 1792: French royals imprisoned, including the revolutionary Marie Antoinette.
- 1868: Peru and Ecuador killed 25,000 people and caused $ 300 million in damage. A major earthquake near Araica,
- 1898: Spanish-American War — After a simulated battle for Manila, the vanished commander surrendered to the US to keep Filipino rebel hands out of the city.
- 1906: US Army’s 25th Infantry Regiment were charged with killing a white bartender and injuring a Whiteapolis officer in Brovesville, Texas, even though they could not provide evidence; He was later dishonestly discharged.
- 1913: Harry Brearley of England, Sheffield invented stainless steel.
- 1918: BMW became a public company, producing cars worldwide.
- 1923: US Steel Corp approves 8 hours of work.
- 1935: The explosion of a dam in the city of Ovada, near Italy, killed about 250 people.
- 1940: Canberra Air Accident: Ten people killed, including three ministers of the Australian cabinet.
- 1942: Major General Eugene Reinbold of the US Army Corps authorized the construction of the facilities that prepared the Manhattan Project.
- 1951: Hindustan Trainer 2, the first aircraft manufactured in India, took its first flight.
- 1954: The full version of ThePakistan national anthem ‘Qaumi Tarana’ was first broadcast on Radio Pakistan.
- The Bill was passed in the 1956 National Highway Lok Sabha.
- 1960: A country called Central Africa became independent from the occupation of France. Earlier it was named Abankishari.
- 1966: China has declared it as a cultural revolution. Workers will be allowed to work in the industry by reorganizing the existing small agricultural collective into great cooperatives.
- The first glide of the 1977 space shuttle was tested.
- 1993: The hotel collapse in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand, left 114 people dead.
- 1994: North Korea closes its nuclear plant on the basis of an agreement with the US.
- 1996: Belgian man Mark Dutroux was arrested for the kidnapping of 14-year-old Letitia Delhe, revealing several other victims and Belgium’s eldest child molestation cases.
- 2001: International aid agencies in the Congo are demanding more help from the international community for the Congo ruined in the Save the Children, Oxfam and Christian Aid War.
- 2004: The 28th Olympic Games began in Athens, Greece.
- 2004: 28th Olympic Games played in Athens Greece. The opening ceremony of the 2004 Summer Olympic Games in Athens, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, was screened worldwide.
- Hurricane Charlie attacked the US state of Florida after the 2004 tropical storm caused damage to the Bonnie state.
- 2006: Tokyo suffered an unintentional blackout that was a few hours long on this day. The power failure occurred in the morning rush hour and disrupted the normal flow of business as workers were delayed and companies could not start their day.
- 2007: Archaeologists reported using radar imagery that Angkor, the former capital of the Khmer Empire, was the largest preindustrial urban center covering an area of 3,000 square kilometers and a population of 5 million.
- The French and German economies bounce back to help push the eurozone forward for economic recovery in the second quarter of 2009, indicating that the global crisis may come to a halt in Europe.
- 2010: Canadian authorities detain 492Sri Lankan Tamil refugees aboard MV Surya Sagar, criticizing international civil rights groups.
- 2010: After being boarded by Canadian authorities, MV Sunsia docked and 492 Sri Lankan Tamil refugee claimants were taken into custody.
- 2011: A broken oil pipeline is found near the Gannett Alpha platform, Shell 113 miles from Aberdeen, Scotland.
- 2011: Its first gay pride march in the Czech Republic capital Prague. The event was monitored by three hundred police, while thousands marched across the city.
- 2013: Israeli-Palestinian peace talks begin around the controversy over Israeli settlement expansion and the independence of 26 Palestinians who murdered Israel.
- 2015: bombing of a truck in Baghdad, Iraq, killed 76 people and injured 212 others.
- 2015: ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 76 and injures 212. Thousands of Tunisians, mostly women, protest in Tunis against the goal of an Islamic-led government to curtail women’s rights.