August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 14 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 14. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 14 August:
- 1523: Saint John I assumed the title of Pope, the supreme master of Catholicism.
- 1758: Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia defeated Russia in which thousands died.
- 1762: British capture Havana’s yacht community.
- 1816: The United Kingdom formally revokes Tristan da Cunharchipelago, ruling from Cape Colony in South Africa.
- 1825: The famous physical and chemist of Britain Michael Faraday discovered diesel.
- 1842: American Indian War — American General William J. Worthdalekar ended the Second Seminole War.
- 1862: Bombay High Court was established.
- 1875: Society of Regret Africans founded in Pearl.
- 1876: Colorado was accepted as the 38th US state. The construction of the 1880 Cologne Cathedral – Germany was the most visited – was completed 632 years after it began.
- 1888: A recording of the English composer Arthur Sullivan’s The Lostchard (audio clip right), which was one of the first recordings of music during a press conference, starting with Thomas Edison’s Affonograph in London.
- 1893: France Motor Vehicle Registration was introduced which also included a driving test.
- 1904: Ismail Montes became President of Bolivia South America.
- 1908: The first beauty pageant was held in Folkestone, England.
- 1917: China declares war against Germany and Austria during World War I.
- 1917: The Republic of China declares war with Germany and Austria in Hungary.
- 1920: Olympic Games begin in Antwerp, Belgium.
- 1934: Combat Cross was established in the New York Police Department.
- 1941: After a secret meeting on warships, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and US President Franklin. Roosevelt (Suspected) issued the Atlantic Charter, despite the fact that the United Nations had started the war after World War II.
- 1942: A large number of German troops attacked Stalingrad, and German submarines were waging a three-day battle with British ships. The British said that their aircraft carrier, the ‘Eagle’, was destroyed. In Western Greece, American bombers attacked a Nazi warship.
- 1947: India was partitioned and Pakistan became a separate nation.
- 1947: The colonies of Pakistan and Bangladesh gain formal independence from Great Britain, as the British withdrew from the Indian Empire.
- 1956: Indian comedian Johnny Lever was born.
- 1966: U.S. The Lunar Orbiter was created to capture photographs of the lunar landscape to prepare American astronauts to land on the lunar landscape.
- 1968: Morarji Desai was awarded Pakistan’s highest civilian honor, Nishan-e-Pakistan.
- 1975: The film The Rocky Horror Picture Show, which is still released today, chronicles the longest running theatrical release film in Los Angeles.
- 1979: A severe storm with seven winds reported the Fastnet race with more than 150 boats still missing and at least 3 dead. Fastnet is the final in a five-race series that is the Admiral Cup competition, the world championship of yacht racing.
- 1994: international fugitive Carlos the Jackal, wanted for a number of terrorist attacks in Europe, was handed over to French agents Bayasudani authorities.
- 1995: Iran’s official news agency, IRNA, states that Iran has not been able to sell 200 million barrels of crude oil per day since the US approval.
- 2005: Helios Airways Flight 522 crashed on a marathon north of Greece and a mountain in Vernav, killing all 121 people.
- 2006: United Nations violates ceasefire in Lebanon Warbatan Lebanon and Israel.
- 2007: Death of Yeno Minagawa of Japan, world’s oldest woman.
- The Shanghai cooperation of the 2007 Central Asian countries includes the People’s Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, which meet in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek to discuss security issues.
- 2007: Four coordinated suicide bombings explode in IraqiTown in Kahtania and Jazeera, killing 796 people and injuring 1,562 others.
- 2008: United States Consumer Price Index increases to .8 percent in July 2008, with an annual inflation rate of 5.6 percent, the highest in 17 years.
- 2009: Pakistan begins its first international freight train from Islamabad to Istanbul.
- 2010: The first Summer Youth Olympic Games were started in Singapore.
- 2010: United Nations says Niger has a hunger crisis worse than 2005 in its history, which left thousands of people starving.
- 2011: Hindi film industry’s famous actor Shammi Kapoor passed away.
- 2013: A violent clash between police and protesters in Egypt killed 638 people.
- 2013: Egypt declared a state of emergency as security forces killed hundreds of protesters supporting former President Muhammad Mursi.