August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honour Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number is 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 18 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
The page contains not only Important historical events but also famous birthdays and deaths each day. Search what happened today in Indian history and world history.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in India and world History on August 18. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 18 August:
- 1487: Reconquista — After a four-month siege, the Catholic emperor conquered the city of Malaga from the Muslims.
- 1590: On the third birthday of his granddaughter Virginia Deere, an English child born in the United States, John White, the present-day Governor of the Ranoke Colony in North Carolina, USA, returned from England and found the settlement deserted.
- 1612: The trial of the Pendle witches, one of the most famous in England’s witch trials, began in Lancaster.
- 1708: War of Spanish Succession: Minorca was imprisoned by British forces.
- 1765: Joseph II became the Holy Roman Emperor.
- 1783: An unusually bright meteor procession exploded over Great Britain overnight.
- 1800: Governor General Lord Vallejlee established Fort William College in Calcutta.
- 1800: Fort William College was founded Calcutta in by Lord Wellesley.
- 1838: America’s first naval expedition took place.
- 1846: American forces of General Stephen W. Cairney capture Santa Fe, New Mexico.
- 1864: In the Battle of the Globe Tavern in the American Civil War, central forces attempted to change the Weldon railroad during the siege of Petersburg.
- 1868: During a total solar eclipse in Guntur, India, astronomer Pierre Janssen discovered helium, analyzing the sun’s ochromosphere.
- 1877: Esaf Hall discovered Phobos, the larger of the Marstvo moons, six days after the discovery of Demos, the second.
- 1891: A hurricane killed Martinique, killed about 700 people, injured at least 1,000 people, and devastated homes, trees and gardens throughout the island.
- 1900: Indian politician Vijayalakshmi Pandit, sister of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, was born.
- The Nineteenth Amendment to the 1920 United States Constitution (portraying authors Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony) guaranteed women’s suffrage in America.
- 1924: France withdraws its troops from Germany.
- 1926: The weather map was the first broadcast on television.
- 1934: Film director, lyricist and poet Gulzar was born.
- 1945: Subhash Chandra Bose died in a plane crash at Taihoku Airport, Taiwan.
- 1948: Australia completed a 4–0 Ashes series victory, earning them the then name of ‘The Invisional’ for being the first Test cricket match to play a full tour of England without losing a match.
- 1951: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) was established in Kharagpur, West Bengal.
- 1956: Indian cricketer Sandeep Patil was born in Mumbai. He scored 1588 runs in 29 Test matches.
- 1958: Vladimir Nabokov’s controversial novel Lolita was published in the United States.
- 1963: James Meredith is the first African American to finish a degree in political science from the University of Mississippi; He was also the first black student at the university.
- 1964: Southern Africa was barred from participating in the Olympic Games. This ban was imposed due to the policies of the Government of Southern Africa.
- 1973: Construction of the first FM Radio station in Boston, USA was approved.
- 1976: North Korean troops kill two American soldiers in the joint demilitarized zone of the Korean demilitarized zone, increasing tension over a 100-foot (30 m) poplar tree that blocked the line of sightings of a UN command post and an observation post.
- 1983 : Hurricane Alicia landslide near Galveston in Texas, USA, causing $ 2.6 billion in damage and killing 21 people.
- 1989: In the Gaza Strip, Palestinians made signs of protest by not going to their jobs in Israel. The militants directed a strike in response to the Israeli government issuing a computerized identity card. The strike closed shops, educational facilities and businesses.
- 1989: Colombian presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galán was assassinated during a public demonstration in the town of Sochacha, Kundaramska.
- 1994: Irish mobster Martin Cahill was murdered in Dublin.
- 1996: 900 million bees in Africa endanger fruit crops and African plants. The reason behind these deaths was to fuse with bees imported from the Cape.
- 1998: In the US, heart operations were first shown on the Internet. This operation was done by doctor Robert Lazara.
- 2005: 100 million living in Java and Bali are left without power for at least seven hours due to a major failure in a critical transmission line, currently ranked as the worst power cut in history.
- 2005: A policeman shoots and kills a person, Saleh Mohammed al-Aoafi, who is believed to be the leader of al Qaeda in Saudi Arabia.
- 2006: Ford Motor Company will make 10 plants in North America redundant over time, as it reduces production by 21%.
- 2007: The Pakistani President, Pervez Musharraf, says he will contest the upcoming presidential election ‘because the country needs him.
- 2008: Pakistan President Pervez Musharraf resigned under heavy pressure from the opposition.
- 2010: Two Israeli groups begin a course in ‘Zionist editing’ of the online encyclopedia project ‘Wikipedia’. Israeli groups begin a course in ‘Zionist Editing’ of the online encyclopedia Project Wikipedia.
- 2012: NATO air strike kills at least 13 Afghan terrorists.
- 2012: In al-Qaeda militants attacked an intelligence headquarters in the southern Yemeni city of Adan, killing at least 14 people.
Famous birthdays and birth anniversaries on this day
- 1700: The great general of the Maratha Empire, who was born Bajirao I, the eldest son of Balaji Vishwanath and Radhabai.
- 1734: Second son of Peshwa Bajirao I, who was born Raghoba, a skilled army hero.
- 1872: Pandit Vishnu Digambar, the famous blind musician of Maharashtra, was born.
- 1872: Vishnu Digambar Paluskar, a famous classical singer, was born.
- 1900: Vijayalakshmi Pandit, sister of India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and female freedom fighter, was born.
- 1936: Gulzar, a famous lyricist, poet and film director, was born.
- 1923: Param Vir Chakra awarded to Indian soldier A. B. Tarapore was born.
Death anniversaries of famous people in India and the world
- 1227: Genghis Khan, who played an important role in the expansion of the Mongol Empire, died.
- 1945: Freedom fighter Subhas Chandra Bose died.
- 1990: Shri Narayan Chaturvedi, Hindi writer and editor of Saraswati Patrika died.