August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honour Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number is 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 19 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
The page contains not only Important historical events but also famous birthdays and deaths each day. Search what happened today in Indian history and world history.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 19. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 19 August:
- 1591: French King Henry IV captured the city of Rouen in northern France.
- 1600: Mughal emperor Akbar captured Ahmednagar.
- 1612: Three women from the Lancashire village of Samlesbury accused the ‘Samlesbury witches’ of practising witchcraft in one of the most famous witch trials in English history.
- 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie raised the Jacobite standard at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands to begin the second Jacobite Rising.
- 1757: East India Company’s first rupee coin was made in the Calcutta mint.
- 1812: the USS Constitution was defeated in the US Naval War, with the Nebritish Royal Navy defeating HMS Gurriere off the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada, earning her the nickname ‘Old Ironsides’.
- 1839: World Photography Day began when a report was presented about the discovery of the photo element.
- 1895: American bandit and folk hero John Wesley Hardin is shot and killed by an off-duty lawman in El Paso, Texas.
- 1897: First electric taxi operated in London.
- 1897: The first electric taxi driver drove in London.
- 1915: Ration law came into effect in the Netherlands.
- 1918: 9th President of the country Shankar Dayal Sharma was born.
- 1929: The highly influential American radio comedy show Amos ‘n’ Andy (stars Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll Pictures) made its debut.
- 1934: Adolf Hitler is given the full power of Germany, as the vote of the German people held the positions of Chancellor and President together in the position of Führer.
- 1942: World War II Allied forces suffered more than 3,000 casualties when they unsuccessfully attacked the German-occupied port of Deppe, France.
- 1945: During the August Revolution against French colonial rule, the Weith Minh took over Hanoi in North Vietnam under Ho Chi Minh.
- 1949: Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.
- 1953: Intelligence agencies of the United Kingdom and the United States prevent the overthrow of Iran’s Prime Minister Mohammad Mosdeg and restore the full monarchy of Mohammad Raza Pahlavi.
- 1960: Soviet space dogs Belka and Strelka began orbiting the Korbal-Sputnik-2 spacecraft Earthboard.
- 1964: communication satellite Syncom 3 was launched.
- 1978: 422 killed in Iran’s cinema house fire.
- 1978: Omani entrepreneur Kayes Al Khonji was born.
- 1981: Two American F-14 tomatoes shot down two Libyan Su-22s. The US Navy conducted military exercises in the Gulf of Sidra.
- 1989: Hungary opened its border with Austria as part of a Pan-European picnic, allowing several hundred East Germans to defect to the Westway.
- 1993: The famous actor and producer of Hindi and Bengali films Utpal Dutt died.
- 2003: A suicide bomber from Hamas killed 23 people and injured more than 130 people in a crowded public bus in the Samuel Hanwi Quarter Jerusalem.
- 2005: Amidst the most serious clashes along the India-Bangladesh border in recent months, the Bangladesh Rifles opened fire on behalf of India in West Bengal. About 500 rounds were fired in the dispute, but there was no reason.
- 2005: Thr thunderstorm in southern Ontario, Canada, caused the least tornado, causing more than $ 500 million in damage.
- 2006: A Turkish-Iranian natural gas pipeline operates in the Agri province. Turkish officials said separatist Kurds were responsible.
- 2007: A week-long heat wave caused 49 deaths in the southeast and Midwest of the United States.
- 2008: North Korea declares Sweden an enemy and the United States a war puppet.
- 2009: The serial bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, killed 101 people and injured 565.
- Operation Iraqi Freedom came to an end with the 2010 US Army Final Brigade moving to Kuwait.
- 2010: The Oxford Dictionary of English adds new words and phrases to the language including Vuvuzela, carbon capture and storage, toxic debt and quantitative easing.
- 2012: Japan won the 2012 Women’s Baseball World Cup, securing its third straight title.
- 2013: The first same-sex marriage in New Zealand succeeded in the passage of the Marriage Equality Bill in April.
- 2014: The meeting between the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan has been called off due to a meeting of Pakistani officials with separatists in the Kashmir region, a disputed province between nations.
Famous birthdays and birth anniversaries on this day
- 1887: Revolutionary leader of India S. Satyamurti was born.
- 1891: Harishankar Sharma, India’s famous litterateur, poet, writer, satirist and journalist, was born.
- 1907: Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, essayist, novelist, critic, thinker and researcher was born.
- 1908: Abdul Rashid Khan, a Hindustani classical singer who was awarded Padma Bhushan, was born.
- 1946: Former US President Bill Clinton was born.
- 1950: Infosys Foundation founder N. R. Narayana Murthy’s wife and famous social worker Sudha Murthy was born.
Death anniversaries of famous people in India and the world
- 1909: Badruddin Tyab ji, a famous lawyer, judge and leader, died.
- 1993: Utpal Dutt, a famous actor and producer of Hindi and Bengali films, died.
- 2013: Ronald Stuart McGregor, the top linguist, grammar scholar, translator and famous historian of Hindi literature, died.