ugust is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 20 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 20. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 20 August:
- 1597: The first ship of the Dutch East India Company returned from East Asia.
- 1641: England and Scotland sign the ‘Pact of Treaty’.
- 1707: The first siege of Pensacola came to an end with his attempt to capture Pensacola in Florida, Britain.
- 1710: War of Spanish Succession- The Spanish-Bourbon army formed by the Marquis de Bay was badly defeated by a multinational force led by Austrian commander Guido Starhemberg.
- 1781: George Washington begins to move southern troops to fight Cornwallis.
- The Battle of Fallen Timber was fought in 1794 in Northwestern Ohio.
- 1828: The first session of Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Brahmo Samaj was held in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- 1847: American troops defeat Mexican soldiers at the Battle of Churubusco.
- 1882: The overture by the Russian composer Pyotr Ilich Tchikov Akash was first performed at the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow.
- 1897: Ronald Ross identified malaria-causing anopheles mosquito while working at the Presidency General Hospital in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- 1910: hurricane-force winds added hundreds of small fires to the YUS. A fire broke out in Washington and Idaho’s State Devils Broome, which extinguished about three million acres (12,140 sq km), the largest fire in American history.
- 1911: The first telegram was sent from the New York Times office of America which reached the whole world.
- 1920: The first commercial radio station begins its operations in Detroit, Michigan with the call sign 8MK. The radio station was launched by the Detroit newspaper and is now looked after by CBS.
- 1944: The 6th Prime Minister of India, Rajiv Gandhi was born.
- 1944: The World War II-Gastapo transported 168 Allied airplanes, classified as spies and criminals, so that prisoners of war could not be sent to the Buchenwald concentration camp.
- 1953: French forces oust Sultan Sidi Mohammed bin Yusuf of Morocco from the throne.
- 1953: French government expels Mohammed V, king of Morocco, imprisons him in Corsica.
- 1962: The first freighter passenger NS Savannah embarked on its first voyage.
- 1964: International Telecommunication Satellite Consortium (Intelsat) started functioning.
- 1977: US space agency NASA sent Voyager to spacecraft.
- 1979: Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh resigned as Prime Minister after a 23-day tenure.
- 1982: A multi-national peacekeeping force is dispatched to Lebanon to prevent conflict between Muslim and Christian militia groups and to monitor Palestinians retreating from Lebanon.
- 1988: Worse fires in Yellowstone National Park destroy 150,000 acres of park area. It devastated 1/3 of the park in the summer, while the fire erupted between 5 and 10 miles a day.
- 1988: The fire in Yellowstone National Park in the United States destroyed more than 150,000 acres (610 km 2), the worst of a single day.
- 1989: After hitting a dredger on the River Thames in London, the pleasure boat Marchioness sank in just thirty seconds, killing 51 people.
- 1989: The last leg of the O-Bahn bus route in southeast Adelaide was completed, becoming the world’s longest and fastest-running bus route, with a total of 12 km (7.5 mi) of buses traveling at 100 km / s. Hour (62 mph) maximum speed example diagram).
- 1995: The Purushottam Express and Kalidi Express killed 350 people in a head-on collision.
- 2005: A original paper by Albert Einstein, titled ‘Quantum Theory of the Mononetic Ideal Gas, dated 19 December’, is housed in the archives of the Laurentz Institute for Theoretical Physics of Leyden University.
- 2007: NASA cleaned the Space Shuttle Endeavor for an initial landing at Cape Canaveral yesterday.
- 2008: Spanner Flight 5022 crashed after flying from Madrid’s Barrage Airport, killing 154 people.
- 2009: Abdelbasset Ali al-Meghi, a Lockerbie bomber, was released from prison by the Scottish Government. He was released on the terms of humanity as he was diagnosed with a terminal form of prostate cancer.
- 2010: A new method to deal with mood disorders, such as depression, is found in studies of ketamine activity along the nervous system, specifically mTOR-dependent synapse formation.
- 2011: India’s renowned historian Ram Sharan Sharma passed away.
- 2011: Two American hikers convicted of espionage and illegal entry into Iran were sentenced to eight years in prison by a Tehran court.
- 2013: Russian police action in North Caucasus kills nine militants.
- 2013: Turkish Prime Minister Rasipatayipradoan blamed American and Israeli influence for ousting Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi from power; Which both have rejected.
- 2013: A radioactive water leak was detected at Japan’s Fukushima nuclear power plant. Since the 2011 earthquake and tsunami affected the plant has faced many issues, such as recession and fire.