August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 22 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 22. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 22 August:
- 1138: English forces repel a Scottish force at the Battle of Staestival near Northallerton, Yorkshire.
- 1320: Ghazi Malik defeated Sultan Nasiruddin Khusro of Delhi.
- 1485: Lancastrian forces under Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond, defeated Yorkist forces under Richard III of England at the Battle of Bosworth Field, decisively ending the Wars of Roses.
- 1639: The East India Company purchased a small strip for the capital of Tamil Nadu state of India, the capital of the King of the Vijayanagar Empire, Peda Venkata Raya.
- 1642: King Charles I of England set the imperial standard in Nottingham, which marked the beginning of the First English Civil War.
- 1707: Sweden and Prussia sign military treaty.
- 1711: Queen Anne’s Battle-A British attempt to attack Quebec, wrecking eight ships on the St. Lawrence River.
- 1717: Spanish troops landed on Sardinia.
- 1762: N. Franklin became the first female editor of the American newspaper Newport RI, Mercury.
- 1775: King George III declares colonies to join open rebellion.
- 1791: A slave revolt ensues in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, beginning the Haitian Revolution.
- 1795: The Constitution of the year III was ratified by the National Constitution.
- 1798: French troops stationed at Kilcummin in County Mayo to aid the Irish Rebellion.
- 1817: The city of Araracara is discovered in Brazil.
- 1818: Warren Hasting, the first Governor General of India, died.
- 1848: The United States compromises New Mexico.
- 1849: First air raid in history: Austria launches pilotless balloon against the Italian city of Venice.
- 1851: Gold mines are discovered in Australia.
- 1851: Yacht America wins the first American race cup off the coast of England.
- 1851: Yacht America wins the first America’s Cup race (trophipicted) near the Isle of Wight, England.
- 1864: The Red Cross movement led by Henry Dunant officially signed the first Geneva Convention by twelve European countries, establishing the International Committee of the Red Cross.
- 1865: William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap.
- 1872: Australian overland telegraph line completed, providing for the first time a telegraphic link between Australia and the rest of the world.
- 1910: Japan annexes Korea with the signing of the Korea – Japan Treaty, ending the period of Japanese rule of Korea until the end of World War II.
- 1918: India’s first proficient pilot Indralal Rai was killed in an air battle with Germany in London during the First World War.
- 1921: Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi burnt Holi of foreign cloth.
- 1922: Michael Collins, Commander-in-Chief of the Irish Civil War-Irish National Army, was killed in an ambush while en route to the village of Bayel na mBláth via County Corkat.
- 1944: World War II-Wehrmacht infantry carry out an attack on the Greek island of Crete against civilian residents of nine villages located in the Amari Valley.
- 1955: Chiranjeevi, a noted actor and politician of Telugu films, was born.
- 1962: The world’s first nuclear-powered ship completed the voyage from Virginia to Georgia.
- 1962: An unsuccessful assassination attempt against French President Charles de Gaulle.
- 1968: Soviet invasion in Czech Prague and rally against United Nations Headquarters in New York City.
- 1969: A tornado in the US killed 255 people.
- 1978: First President of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta died at the age of 83.
- 1989: Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers attacked Ricky Henderson of the Oakland Athletics, becoming the only pitcher in the Major Leaguebase to record 5,000 strikes.
- 1996: The state government renamed Madras to Chennai.
- 1999: Airlines Flight 642 crashes in the Mandarin city of Hong Kong.
- 2005: Maria Sharapova becomes the first Russian woman to achieve world number one as she replaces injured American Lindsey Davenport.
- 2006: The United Kingdom promises to help reduce the mortality of children and mothers in India. The suggested plan had an estimated cost of £ 252 million and was directed towards improving the healthcare of the poor.
- 2006: NASA announced that its new manned space exploration vessel is about to succeed STS (or Space Shuttle) by 2014, and will be called Orion.
- 2006: Pulkovo Airlines flight 612 crashes near the Russian border eastern Ukraine, killing all 170 people.
- 2008: Hundreds of Muslim Kashmiris demanded independence from India in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
- 2009: The longest total solar eclipse of the 21st century appeared in India.
- 2009: Two turkey farms in Valparaso, Chile, are separated out of fear so that birds can fall prey to swine influenza caught by humans.
- 2010: United States authorities allow Ebola medicine to be tested on humans after talking about working on monkeys.
- 2011: Crude oil price falls on world markets due to Muammar Gaddafi’s fall and global economic outlook.
- 2012: Pranab Mukherjee was elected the 13th President of India.
- 2012: Emergency is declared in California, due to wildlife decimating hundreds of buildings.
- 2012: At least 52 people are killed as a result of a series of ethnic conflicts between Kenya’s Tana River district of the Orma and Pokomo tribe.
- 2013: The NASDAQ Electronic Stock Exchange closes for three hours due to a computer problem.