August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 23 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 23. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 23 August:
- 1305: After a show trial, William Wallace, leader of the resistance against England during the Wars of Scottish Independence, was executed at Smithfield Market, London.
- 1514: Ottoman forces defeated Safavid in the Battle of Achaladiran, gaining control of eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq.
- 1572: The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre, a wave of Catholic mobilization against the Huguenots, began for several months and reportedly led to thousands of deaths throughout France.
- 1650: General George Monk establishes the ‘Monk Regiment of Foot’, the predecessor of Coldstream Guards in the New Model Army of England, making the regiment the oldest in the regular army in continuous service.
- 1711: Admiral Howenden Walker arrives at St. Lawrence.
- 1762: France’s famous poet and litterateur Andre Schnee was born.
- 1839: As it prepares for war against the Qing Dynasty of China, known as an ensuing opium war, Britain seizes Hong Kong’s passport.
- 1850: First American National Women’s Rights Conference was held in Worcester, Massachusetts.
- 1853: First real international weather organization was established in Brussels Belgium.
- 1866: Treaty of Prague ends Ostro-Prussian War.
- 1873: The Albert Bridge, spread over the River Thames, is opened in London.
- 1896: Andrés Bonifacio and his Katipunn comrades revolt against Spanish rule, marking the beginning of the Philippine Revolution, in the modern-day city of Quizon.
- 1906: Unable to stop the rebellion, Cuban President Tomas Estrada Palma requested intervention from the United States.
- 1914: In its first major action of the First World War, the British expedition defeated German troops in Mons, Belgium.
- 1927: After a controversial trial, and despite worldwide protests, the Italian-American anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti (both images) were arrested in Massachusetts via electrocution on charges of attempted murder.
- 1929: Palestine riots-Arabs start attacking Jews in Hebron under Palestine’s British mandate, killing more than sixty people in two days.
- 1939: Non-aggression pact was signed between the then Soviet Union and Germany.
- 1939: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agreed to a 10-year mutual non-treaty treaty – Molatov-Ribbentrop Pact, which also included a secret protocol dividing northern and eastern Europe into German and Soviet territories.
- 1942: The most dreadful battle of the Stalingrad war took place between the Soviet Union and Germany.
- 1943: Second World War – The decisive Soviet victory at the Battle of TheKursk gave the Red Army a strategic initiative for the rest of Alwar.
- 1944: The famous Indian film heroine Saira Banu was born.
- 1944: King Michael sacked the Axis government of General Iononoscu, who cast Romania on behalf of the Allies for the remainder of World War II.
- 1947: Vallabhbhai Patel became the Deputy Prime Minister of India.
- 1960: World’s largest frog (3.3 kg) caught.
- 1966: Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first picture of the Earth from an orbit around the Moon.
- 1976: Thousands of people died due to earthquakes in China.
- 1978: In New Delhi, Indira Gandhi was facing charges of fraud. Gandhi was warned by the judge to remain in the country and was released on $ 1,875 bail. Fraud He and his associates were cheating businessmen to gain access to free cars for the 1977 election.
- 1989: Vilnius, Lithuania experienced a crowd of about fifty thousand people on the 50th anniversary of the seizure by Stalin and Hitler. Baltic residents asked for independence, and formed a 370-mile-long human chain, covering 1.5 million people and demonstrating the injustice done to them.
- 1989: Singing of the Revolution – About two million people built a more than 600 (370 mile) long human chain to demonstrate their wishes for freedom.
- 1990: Saddam Hussein’s performance of Western brothers on TV caused some concern throughout the world, as he rubbed the hair of a British child and said that he was not a hostage but a peacemaker.
- 1997: Mississippi University Medical Center received turmeric patent four years ago.
- 2000: John Anthony Kaiser (a Roman Catholic priest) was murdered in the city of Morendt, Kenya.
- 2004: Justin Gatlin of America became the fastest runner on earth by winning the 100-meter Ferrata race.
- 2005: 204 crashes near Thane Peru flight Pukalpa Peru killing 41 people.
- 2006: Natasha Kampush, who was kidnapped at the age of 10, escaped from her prisoner Wolfgang Priklopil after eight years of imprisonment.
- 2007: 30 manuscripts of the Rig Veda were added to the UNESCO World Memory Register-2007.
- 2007: The European Union lifts the ban on the export of British livestock, meat and dairy products, which was implemented in Surrey after recent foot and mouth disease.
- 2007: Skeletal remains of Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and his sister Anastasia were found near Yekaterinburg, Russia.
- 2009: A severe drought in northern China causes water shortages of 5 million people and damages 8.7 million hectares of farmland.
- 2010: 2 tons of elephant ivory and five rhino horns concealed as avocado is captured in Nairobi, Kenya heading to Malaysia.
- 2010: A former Philippine national police officer hijacks a touristbus in Manila and holds the people killed by police hostage for nearly 11 hours.
- 2011: Scientists at the Chinese Academy of Sciences discover the origin of the Brahmaputra and Indus rivers and complete an extensive satellite study of the length of their route.
- 2011: President Obama gives momentary relief to illegal migrants: students, the elderly, the elderly, crime victims, and those living with family, including same-sex partners as part of immigration reform in the United States.
- 2012: US tests helium-filled surveillance balloons along the Mexican border. Both airplanes float about 800 meters high and are equipped with very advanced cameras. It is said that the balloons will not see much in Mexican territory.
- 2013: 50 people were killed in an attack on a mosque in Tripoli, Lebanon.
- 2013: Real estate developers are blamed because of the damage caused to UNESCO World Heritage Site Siren, Libya.