August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 25 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 25. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 25 August:
- 1248: In the Netherlands, Omens received the rights and fortifications of the city, after the Archbishop of Utrecht seized the city at least twice by the local bandit barons.
- 1351: Sultan Ferozeshah Tughlaq III was crowned.
- 1537: The Honorable Artillery Company, the oldest regiment currently in the British Army, was formed from the Royal Charter Henry VIII.
- 1580: The War of the Portuguese Succession-Pretender Tote The army of the Portuguese throne, Antonio, Prato of Creto, was regularized at the Battle of Altantara, ending his short-lived reign.
- 1768: James Cook of Britain set out on his first adventure sea voyage. In this journey, he explored Australia and prepared maps depicting waterways of the Pacific Ocean.
- 1768: James Cook departs Plymouth after his first voyage of discovery.
- 1819: Scottish inventor James Watt died.
- 1825: Thirty-three Orientals, led by JuanAntenio Lavalja, a revolutionary group, declared Uruguay independence from the Empire of Brobil.
- 1903: The Judiciary Act was passed in the Australian Parliament.
- 1916: Russia defeats Germany in the Battle of Tottenburg.
- 1916: The National Park Service is classified by the National Parks and National Parks of Historic Sites as being created by Congress with the ‘National Park Service Organic Act’.
- 1920: Polish forces under Jozef Pilsdsky successfully force the Russians to withdraw from Warsaw at the Battle of Warsaw, decisive of the Polish-Soviet War.
- 1921: US signs peace treaty with Germany
- 1939: United Kingdom and Poland enter into mutual aid for a military alliance in case of military invasion by ‘European power’.
- 1944: Paris is free from Nazi occupation, which lasts for more than four years by the French 2nd Armored Division and the American 4th Infantry Division. In addition, General Charles de Gaulle who was the leader of the liberated French army set foot in Paris the next day.
- 1945: Armed supporters of the Communist Party of China assassinate American military intelligence officer and Baptist missionary John Bircha. He was leading a mission to reach Allied personnel in a Japanese prison camp.
- 1950: Aletha Gibson enters the American Tennis Championships, becoming the first African-American woman to compete in The World Tennis Tour.
- 1957: India won the title of world winner by winning the final of the Polo World Championship in France.
- 1962: Raj Kapoor, the youngest son of Raj Kapoor, film actor and director, was born in Chembur.
- 1963: 16 opponents of the Soviet Union leader Joseph Stalin were hanged.
- 1967: American Nazi Party leader George Lincoln Rockwell is shot by a sniper in a shopping center in Arlington, Virginia.
- 1967: John Patler, the founder of the American Nazi Party, was killed by John Patler, a former member of his group.
- 1977: Sir Edmund Hillary’s Himalayan Expedition to Haldia harbor begins.
- 1989: The Vyjar 2 spacecraft gave its closest approach to the Neptunend, providing definitive proof of the existence of the planet’s rings (Fig).
- 1997: Masuma, Ibtekar appointed as the first woman Vice President of Iran.
- 2001: Australian leg-spinner Shenwarn in London became the first spin bowler to take 400 Test wickets in the history of Test cricket.
- 2001: American singer Aaliyah and various members of his record company are killed when their overloaded airplane crashes shortly after Marsh Harbor Airport in Marsh Harbor Airport, The Bahamas.
- 2003: Spitzer Space Telescope launched in Cape Canaveral, Florida.
- 2003: Two bombs planted in taxis explode in the two most frequented areas of Mumbai, killing at least 44 people and injuring around 150.
- 2005: Hurricane Katrina makes landfall in Florida between Hollandale Beach and Aventura, a Category 1 hurricane as Florida mid-morning with a wind speed of 125 mph, storm surge about 5ft. The storm leaves 1 million without electricity and 12 dead.
- 2005: India’s Foreign Minister Natwar Singh calls on Pakistan High Commissioner Aziz Ahmed Khan to advocate Sarabjit Singh’s case.
- 2006: Former Ukrainian Prime Minister Pavlo Lazarenko sentenced to 9 years in federal prison for money laundering, wire fraud, and extortion.
- 2006: The first legal abortion took place in Colombia today. After months of legal wrangling, courts thought abortion could be legal in the country in situations where the mother’s health is at risk, pregnancy is the result of rape, or the fetus is severely deformed.
- 2007: Two blasts in Hyderabad, India sent people into panic. A gas cylinder explosion at a food mart killed 27 people, injuring 50. Another explosion in the park killed at least 14 people.
- 2009: South Korea successfully sent its first rocket into space. The rocket was carrying a satellite that did not go into planned orbit. The South Korean government termed it as ‘partial-success’.
- 2010: A solar system is found for the star HD 10180, including a possible planet 1.4 times the size of Earth.
- 2011: The Sri Lankan government withdrew the declared emergency in the country after 30 years of fighting with the LTTE.
- 2012: Voyager 1 becomes the first manned vehicle to enter space outside the solar system.
- 2012: Neil Armstrong, who stepped on the moon, died.