August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 26 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 26. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 26 August:
- 1071: Byzantine-Seljuq Wars-Seljuk Turks, led by Alp Arslankept byzantine Emperor Romanos IV, at the Battle of Mansikert.
- 1303: Alauddin Khilji captured Chittorgarh.
- 1346: Hundred Years War-English armies set up an English long bow troop on the French combination of Cross Bond Armored Knights at the Battle of Cressey.
- 1676: Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Britain, is born.
- 1743: Famous French chemist Anthony Levaizier is born. He is called the father of modern chemistry. He discovered oxygen.
- 1748: First Lutheran Sect of North America, Pennsylvania Minister, established in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1748: The first Lutheran sect in North America, the Pennsylvania Minium, was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- 1767: The construction of the Tynes Palace began in New Bern, North Carolina.
- 1768: HMS Endeavor leaves Plymouth, England, starting the first journey of explorer James Cook.
- 1789: The French Revolution Declaration of Man and Citizen of Rights, defining a set of individual and collective rights of the people, was approved by the National Constituent Assembly.
- 1810: Juan Jose Castelli orders the execution of Santiago Delenières during the Argentine independence struggle.
- 1883: The largest eruption in human history occurred when Aeropian destroyed the volcanic island of Krakatau (volcano).
- 1883: A large-scale eruption destroyed the volcanic island of Krakatoa, leaving so much ash that by the following year the average global temperature had dropped to 1 ° C (2.2 ° F).
- 1894: Netherlands Social Democratic Workers’ Party (SDAP) is established.
- 1910: Mother Teresa, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, is born in Skopji, Yugoslavia.
- 1920: Women get suffrage after the 19th Constitutional Amendment.
- 1920: The Nineteenth Parliament of the United States Constitution passed the guarantee of women’s suffrage.
- 1928: Om Prakash Munjal, Indian businessman and social worker, co-founder of Hero Cycles, was born.
- 1928: At a cafe in Paisley, Scotland, May Donoghue found a snail in a bottle of ginger beer, prompting him to launch landmark civil action cases from one of the British common law, Donoghue Vetevensons.
- 1929: America builds the first roller coaster.
- 1945: It has been revealed that more than 25,000 mice were used in the Manhattan Project to see if radiation would have any ill effects on workers at nuclear bomb plants.
- 1966: The South African Defense Force launches an attack against the SWAPO guerrilla fighters at Omgulugombavashe, leading to the Namibian War of Independence.
- 1968: The American Democratic Party’s National Convention begins in Chicago’s In-Statistical Amphitheater, which overthrows anti-Vietnam protesters and police during a four-day conflict.
- 1968: The National Convention of the US Democratic Party begins at the International Amphitheater in Chicago, with four days of clashes between anti-Vietnam protesters and police.
- 1970: Betty Freedan and the National Organization for Women organize a women’s strike for equality in New York City, with 20,000 women protesting the continued lack of gender equality.
- 1975: Dr. Narayan Subbarao Hardikar, a freedom fighter, journalist and Padma Bhushan, died.
- 1977: The National Assembly of Quebec declares French the only language of Quebec.
- 1982: NASA launches Telesat-F.
- 1994: Battery was used for the first time to drive human heart.
- 1999: Michael Johnson set a world record in the 400 meter race.
- 2002: 60,000 delegates and politicians from 174 countries around the world have come together for the latest Earth Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa.
- 2004: The US Census Bureau reveals new figures that put the amount of poor people in the US at 35.9 million, an increase of over 1 million.
- 2006: NASA on Friday postponed the launch pad of the Space Shuttle Atlantis (STS-115) to the space shuttle’s launch pad, although no damage was done.
- 2007: Greece declares emergency due to several wildfires, more than 200, causing havoc in various parts of the country. By the time the fire broke out in September 2007, 84 people had died. Many fires were thought to be firefighters.
- 2008: Russia recognizes the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
- 2008: More than a week after the ceasefire in the SouthOssetia war, Russia unilaterally recognized the independence of Abkhaziland in South Asia.
- 2010: German HIV-positive pop singer Nadja Benassa is convicted of harming a HIV-infected man who had unprotected sex with her, without knowing her status.
- 2011: Scientists at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne have revealed their discovery of J1719–143, a planet that revolves entirely around diamonds – this is the second time such a planet has been found to have mass.
- 2012: Hindi film actor AK Hangal passed away.
- 2012: 8 people died and 104 died in the city of Quebec, Canada due to the disease.
- 2013: All 25,000 applicants applying to the University of Liberia fail their entrance exam.