August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 27 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 27. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 27 August:
- 1604: Gurugranth Sahib established in Sri Harimandir Sahib (Golden Temple) of Amritsar.
- 1776: The British forces defeat the Americans at the Battle of Long Island.
- 1776: British forces led by William Howe defeated the American Continental Army under George Washington at the Battle of Long Island, the largest battle of the American Revolution War.
- 1781: Hyder Ali fought the Battle of Pallilor against the British Army.
- 1783: Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert launch Le Globe, the world’s first hydrogen-filled balloon, in Paris.
- 1799: Second Coalition War: Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland – Britain and Russia, sent an expedition to the Batavian Republic.
- 1810: Napoleon Wars-the French Navy defeated the Royal Navy, preventing them from taking the port of Grand Port at asle de laPasse.
- 1832: Black Hawk, the leader of the Sauk tribe of NativeAmericans, surrendered to the American authorities, ending the Black Hawk War.
- 1832: Black Hawk, leader of the Sauk tribe of Native Americans, surrenders to American authorities, eliminating the Black Hawk War.
- 1859: Dorabji Tata, the founder of Tata Steel, was born in Mumbai.
- 1859: First oil extracted by Edwin Drake near Titusville Penn.
- 1859: Edwin Drake successfully drilled for oil in Titusville, Pennsylvania, USA, resulting in the Pennsylvania oil rush and the modern oil industry.
- 1869: Oxford University hosts the first international boat race on the River Thames against Howard University.
- 1881: Fifth Atlantic hurricane in Florida and Karolins kills about 700 people.
- 1896: The United Kingdom and Zanzibar go to war, with Zanzibarsaert less than an hour after the conflict began.
- 1908: Sir Donald Bradman, the world’s greatest cricketer, is born. He scored 29 centuries in 52 Tests of his career and 6996 runs at an average of 99.94.
- 1922: Turkish forces recapture Afokane during the Graeco-Turkish War, the first victory of their encounter.
- 1927: Five Canadian women filed a petition asking the Supreme Court Canada, ‘Section 24 of the British NorthAmerica Act, 1867 contains the word’ person ‘involving female persons,’ to which politely replied that it is not .
- 1928: More than sixty nations signed the Kellogg-Braind Pact, renouncing it as an instrument of national policy.
- 1939: The world’s first jet fuel jet made its first flight from Germany.
- 1955: Norris and Ross Maquiter’s ‘Guinness Book of World Records’ is published for the first time and immediately succeeds. The book was originally owned by the Guinness Brewery and is currently the property of the Jim Pattison Group, of the same company as Replay Entertainment, Inc.
- 1957: The constitution of Malaya came into force, for three days the Federation of Malaya gained formal independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1958: Metric system of measurement of weights was introduced.
- 1962: The Mariner 2 space probe is launched from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station by the US Space Agency.
- 1964: South Vietnamese junta leader Guay? N Khan to rival generals? N thi? Ntime and Duong entered into an atriumvirate power-sharing arrangement with Wan Minh, who was both involved in Plönse Khun.
- 1967: East Coast Wrestling Association is established.
- 1972: Indian professional wrestler and lifter Dalip Singh Rana aka Great Khali was born.
- 1976: Major General G. Ali Ram, the first woman general of the Indian Armed Forces, was appointed director of the Military Nursing Service.
- 1979: In two separate attacks, IRA bombs killed 18 British soldiers in Warrenpoint, Northern Ireland and British Admiral Louismountbatten and three others in County Sligo, Ireland.
- 1990: The US expels 36 of the 55 employees of the Iraqi Embassy in Washington.
- 1991: Disintegration of the Soviet Union – Moldova declares its dependence after the failure of the Soviet coup attempt.
- 1992: President George Bush notified Iraq President Saddam Hussein the no fly zone approved under the UN resolution.
- 1999: Sonali Banerjee became India’s first female Marine Engineer.
- 2000: Fire breaks out in Moscow’s Ostankino Tower, killing three people and damaging television and radio signals around the city.
- 2003: Mars reached the nearest Earth after a gap of 60 thousand years.
- 2003: First round of six-party talks to find a peaceful solution to security concerns as a result of the North Korean nuclear weapons program.
- 2003: Mars made its closest approach to Earth in about 60,000 years — 55,758,006 kilometers (34,646,419 mi).
- 2005: Hamad leader Muhammad Def, who led Israel’s most wanted list, released a video taunting Israel.
- 2006: Renowned Indian director, producer and screenwriter Hrishikesh Mukherjee passed away.
- 2007: Pakistan and Bangladesh reject the accusations on India, regarding the terrorist act in Hyderabad, which killed 42 and injured more than 60, with no blame for terrorist organizations in their country.
- 2009: Michael Perham breaks records, as he becomes the youngest person to finish a single hostess in the world by sailboat, breaking the previous record by two months.
- 2010: Indian police kills Maoist guerrilla Umakant Mahato, who is also suspected of derailing the Dnyaneshwari Express train.
- 2011: Several people died in Tripoli’s Abu Salim Hospital, who were evacuated early in the week due to heavy shelling.
- 2012: Mars Rover Curiosity makes public the first audio recording of a human voice from another planet. The message of NASA Administrator, Charles Bolden, is transmitted to Earth with new images of Mars.
- 2013: Conflict between two religious communities started in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.