August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 28 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 28. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 28 August:
- 1521: Soldiers of Sultan Suleiman I of Turkey capture Belgrade.
- 1709: Pamhiba was crowned King of Manipur.
- 1777: American Revolutionary War: The Battle of Cooch’s Bridge took place near Newark, Delaware.
- 1781: Hyder Ali fought the Battle of Pallilor against the British Army.
- 1789: With the first use of his new 1.2 m (3.9 ft) telescope, the largest in the world, William Herschel, discovers a new moon, later named Enceladus.
- 1794: The period of fear and terror came to an end after the death penalty of Maximilian Robespierre and his companions in France.
- 1830: Tom Thumb (replica picture), the first American-made steamlocomotive, is engaged in an impregnable race against a horse drawn car Inrilland.
- 1840: Nine Jewish prisoners released from Damascus prison.
- 1842: The Treaty of Nanking, an unequal treaty that first ended Opium, was signed, forcing the Chinese Qing dynasty to give control of Thailand to what is now the site of Hong Kong, and Babish. Has other concessions.
- 1845: First edition of the famous magazine Scientific American printed.
- 1845: Scientific American magazine publishes its first copy.
- 1845: The first issue of the popular science journal ScientificAmerica (cover picture) was published, currently the oldest published journal in the United States.
- 1858: The British William James Herschel, who recognizes fingerprints, was born.
- 1861: The American Civil War-Union army successfully extended its strategy by occupying two Confederate forts on the Outer Banks of North Carolina.
- 1864: The first Geneva Convention governs the rules of war signed by 26 nations.
- 1867: The United States annexed the island of Midway in the Pacific.
- 1870: India’s first trade union Shramjeevi Sangh was established.
- 1901: America’s first private school, Silliman University, was established in the Philippines.
- 1901: Silliman University in Dumagatte, Negros Oriental, Philippines, became the first American private school to be established in the country.
- 1903: Russian warship Slavic, the last of five Borodino-class warships, was launched.
- 1909: A military coup against the government of Dimitriosalis begins in the Gaudí region of Athens, Greece.
- 1911: The last member of Yahi, known as Ishii, emerges in the woods near Auroville, California, to join European Americans.
- 1914: On this day the First World War started.
- 1914: In the First Naval War of the First World War, British ships defeated the German fleet in the Heligoland Bight region of the North Sea.
- 1916: Italy declared war against Germany in the First World War.
- 1924: A failed rebellion against Soviet rule began in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, known as the August Revolt.
- 1937: Japanese warships and airplanes start a war in Shanghai with schoolchildren over women and children as bombs and straf railway carriages. The whole world is objecting sincerely, but the Japanese are not taking any notice and are being ruthless as usual.
- 1937: Toyota Motors, now the world’s largest automaker, split from Toyota Industries as an independent company.
- 1945: The ration for butter must be reduced again as the need for red dots for butter is going down below 12 pounds per pound; This is the second decrease since July when butter was 24 red marks per pound.
- 1949: The last six surviving veterans of the American Civil War meet with Indianapolis.
- 1955: African American teenager Emmett Till was murdered near Mississippi, for molesting a white woman, to promote the Nazareth American Civil Rights Movement.
- 1963: Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, the longest bridge in the world, opened in Lake Washington, Washington, USA.
- 1972: The National Insurance Business Nationalization Bill was passed.
- 1973: Sweden’s police use gas bombs to eliminate seven-day hostages in Stockholm; During the incident, the hostages bonded with the Initi captors, which led to the term ‘Stockholm syndrome’.
- 1986: Bhagyashree Sathe became the first woman to become a grandmaster in chess.
- 1996: Prince Charles of England and his wife Diana formally divorce.
- 1996: Four years after separation, Charles, Prince of Wales and his wife, Princess Diana, formally divorce.
- 2006: Maria Esther D. Capovilla, the world’s greatest woman, died in Ecuador.
- 2007: Full lunar eclipse occurs during most of North America and the eastern Pacific Ocean region during moulting.
- 2007: Six nuclear warheads were accused of being improperly loaded by a United States Air Force heavy bomber that flew from Minotair Force Base in North Dakota to Barkdale Air Force Base in Louisiana.
- 2008: Barack Obama became the first African American to be named as a presidential candidate by a large American party.
- 2009: The detailed chemical structure of a single molecule is copied for the first time. The physical shape of a single carbon nano-tube has also been previously outlined using similar techniques, but the new method also shows chemical bonds.
- 2010: China and India claim that military ties between the two countries will not be affected despite the latest visa conflict.
- 2011: Hurricane Irene, resulting in tremendous damage and flooding many areas including New York City, hit the East Coast of the United States. Many civilians were evicted from the area before the storm, yet the storm took many lives.
- 2012: IBM sells one of the ‘most powerful and advanced’ servers.
- 2013: 11 people died due to the collapse of a three-storey building in Vadodara city of Gujarat.
- 2014: The Philippines economy grows at a rate of 6.4% in 2013, so after showing signs of improvement in 2013 due to Typhoon Haiyan.