August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 30 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 29. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 30 August:
- 1569: Sultan Salim Mirza alias Jahangir, eldest son of Mughal emperor Akbar and heir to the throne was born.
- 1574: Guru Ram Das became the fourth Guru of the Sikhs.
- 1659: Dara Shikoh was hanged by Aurangzeb.
- 1721: North Sea War ends with Russian / Swedish peace.
- 1799: Squadron of Holland-A Anglo-Russian invasion of the Ang-Batvian Republic surrenders to the Imperial Navy without a fight near Yeringen.
- 1806: New York City’s second daily newspaper ‘Daily Advertiser’ is last published in America.
- 1813: Creek War-A Force of Creeks, which was related to Red Stickification, killed hundreds of shelters at Fort Mims, Alabama.
- 1835: The city of Melbourne was found by European settlers landing on the northern bank of the Yar River in southern Australia.
- 1835: Yaru Riverine European residents descending on the northern coast of southeastern Australia founded the city of Melbourne (pictured Parliamenthouse).
- 1836: The city of Melbourne was founded.
- 1836: The city of Houston, Texas was founded.
- 1836: Real estate entrepreneurs John Kirby Allen and Augustus ChapmanAllen founded the city of Houston on land near the coast of Buffalo Bayou in present-day Texas.
- 1856: Battle of Osawatomy: ProSlavari forces defeat the Antislavery Force at Bleeding Kansas.
- 1861: John Fremons proposes to free slaves of Missouri rebels.
- 1862: Confederate forces prevailed in both the American Civil War — separate actions, the Battle of Richmond in Kentucky and the Second Battle of Bull Run in Prince William County, Virginia.
- 1889: Royal Mail Mount Pleasant Shorting Office is officially inaugurated in London.
- 1895: Dietary order of Roman Catholic education made mandatory in Belgium.
- 1896: At the Battle of the Philippine Revolution — San Juan del Monte, the actual battle of the war, a Catipanon force repeatedly captured the magazine before being temporarily beaten back by the Spanish garrison.
- 1909: American paleontologist Charles Walcott discovers Burgesshell, one of the world’s most famous fossiliferous regions (marrella fossils) in the Canadian Rockies in British Columbia.
- 1911: Sir William Ramsay predicts that Britain’s coal supply will end by 2086
- 1914: World War I – The Battle of Tenenburg resulted in the almost imperfect destruction of the Russian Second Army by the German EIIIArmy.
- 1918: Fannie Kaplan shoots and injures Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin, helping to spread red terror in the future Soviet Union, members of a repressive Socialist-Revolutionary Party and other political opponents.
- 1928: The Independence of India League was established in India.
- 1935: The Wealth Tax Act, an initiative of President Roosevelt, levied more taxes on wealthy citizens and large businesses while reducing taxes on small businesses.
- 1936: Freedom fighter Bhikaji Cama died.
- 1942: World War II — Irwin Rommel launches the last major axis of the Western Desert Expedition, which attacks the British eighth position near El Alamein, Egypt.
- 1945: At the end of the Second World War, the Allied Military Control Council was established over Germany.
- 1959: The title of National Hero of Indonesia was first conferred on writer-cum-politician Abdul Muis.
- 1976: More than two hundred policemen were injured in the rioting at Notting Hill Carnival.
- 1984: The spacecraft ‘Discovery’ took off for the first time.
- 1984: Space Shuttle Discovery flew on its maiden voyage.
- 1995: Bosnian War – NATO launches its bombing campaign against Armyoff Republika Srpska in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- 2001: The new euro currency is introduced in Frankfurt, Germany, before its formal launch, which is due next year.
- 2002: Conoco Inc. and Philips Petroleum merge to form ConocoPhillips. It was the third largest integrated energy company in America and the second largest refining company.
- 2006: The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has effectively eliminated aero-breaking, and a Sun on Mars is getting ready to enter synchronized science orbit.
- 2007: Former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif claims that he will return from Pakistan after winning a case in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
- 2008: An Indian army boat that killed the 2008 Indian floods killed less than 25 people.
- 2009: Al Qaeda accepts responsibility for the attempted assassination of the Saudi prince, Muhammad bin Nayef.
- 2010: Concern is told of 500 women who went missing on the International Day of the Missing in Canada.
- 2011: Three suicide explosions killed 9 and injured 20 in Grozny, the capital of the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
- 2012: Permex, Mexico’s state-owned oil company, in the northern state of Tamaulipas, finds a large crude oil accumulation; The deposit may contain at least 250 – 400 million barrels of oil.
- 2013: India’s first defense satellite GSAT-7 was launched from French Guiana in South America.
- 2013: More than 800 km of long valley in Greenland is discovered up to 800 meters at different places under the ice sheet in the country; The valley is longer than the Grand Canyon of Arizona; It was carved by a river four million years ago.
- 2014: Prime Minister Tom Thabane of the South African country of Lesotho fled to South Africa following alleged coup attempts by the military.