August is the eighth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, August was the sixth month of the year. August was previously called Augustus Caesar in Latin as it was the sixth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the eighth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
August was originally Augustus mensis, the sixth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. August 31 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, August has 31 days. It is considered the busiest time for tourism because it falls in the main school summer holiday period.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on August 31. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 31 August:
- 1422: Henry VI was declared king of Britain at just nine months old.
- 1715: England’s Old Dock Liverpool is inaugurated by an engineer named Thomas Steer.
- 1724: Louis I of Spain dies due to illness at the age of 17, when his father Philip V re-takes the throne.
- 1745: Jacotty Rise 1745: Bonnie Prince Charlie Blair Castle Scotland.
- 1778: 17 Sharebridge Indians were killed in the British Bronx during the British Revolution.
- 1798: Irish Rebellion of 1798 — Irish rebels, with French assistance, established a short-lived republic.
- 1813: The peninsular post-war at the Battle of San Marial, the Spanish army of Galicia under Manuel Alberto Fryer, withdrew Nicholas Solt’s final invasion against the allied army of Arthur Wellesley.
- 1827: First Viscount Goderich, Frederick John Robinson became Prime Minister of Britain after the death of George Canning.
- 1843: The Liberty Party nominates James Birnes as the presidential candidate.
- 1871: Adolphe Thiers is made President of the French Republic.
- 1876: Abdul Hameed II became the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire at the time when Habradar Murad V was ousted.
- 1881: Tennis championship played for the first time in America.
- 1886: Crocker National Bank started in Woolworth.
- 1887: Kinetoscope patented by Thomas Edison. This device was used to produce films.
- 1888: The body of Mary Ann Nicholls was found on the ground in front of the agitated stable entrance at Buck’s Row, London, allegedly the first victim of an unknown serial killer known as Jack the Ripper (illustration).
- 1897: Thomas Edison was granted a patent for the Kinetoscope, the precursor to the movie projector.
- 1915: Germany established the 12th Army for the Eastern Front, but was abolished a year later.
- 1919: American Communist Party established
- 1920: Belgium introduced old age pension for its citizens.
- 1935: In an effort to stay out of the escalating European conflict, the United States passed the first of its Neutrality Acts.
- 1939: Nazi forces posing as Poles staged an attack against German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Germany, as an excuse to invade Poland the next day.
- 1944: Great West Indian batsman Clive Lloyd is born. In his career, he scored 7515 runs in 110 Tests and 1977 runs in 87 ODIs.
- 1945: The Liberal Party of Australia, one of the two major Australian political parties, was established to replace the United Australia Party.
- 1952: Grayslandering Recktrack, closed in Wegberg, Germany.
- 1955: The first microwave-based TV station is established in Lufkin, Texas.
- 1956: The then President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad approved the State Reorganization Bill.
- 1957: The British cede power to their colony of Malaya, yet it will continue to exist as a member of the British Commonwealth.
- 1959: South Vietnamese President Ngô? Nh Di? A parcel bomb sent by Ngô Nnh Nhu, M’s younger brother and thief advisor, failed to kill Cambodia’s Norodom Sihanouk.
- 1964: California officially becomes America’s most populous province.
- 1965: Aero Spacline Super Guppy, a large, wide-bodied cargo aircraft used to fair external cargo components, made its first build.
- 1968: Two-stage rounding rocket Rohini-MSV1 was successfully launched in India.
- 1982: Anti-government demonstrations were held in 66 Polish cities, which called for the establishment of a Solidarity Trade Union, to commemorate the second anniversary of the Gdansk Agreement.
- 1986: Aeroméxico Flight 498 crashes into a privately owned PiperPA-28 Cherokee aircraft from Cerritos, California, killing 67 on the ground in the air.
- 1987: Michael Jackson releases his hit album “Bad”.
- 1992: Dynamite explosion in Philippines mine; 500 deaths.
- 1997: Britain’s Princess Diana and her lover Dodi al-Badna are killed in a car accident in Paris. His car crashed into a pavement. At that time, Diana was only 36 years old.
- 1998: North Korea launches ballistic missile on Japan.
- 1998: North Korea claims to have successfully launched its first satellite, Kwangmyeongsong-1, although no objects were placed in orbit from the launch.
- 1999: A Boeing 737 Flight 3142 in Buenos Aires, which was connected to Lynes Eris Prevadus Argentinas (LAPA), died shortly after takeoff.
- 2005: More than 1000 people were killed in a stampede on the Al-Immmah Bridge in Baghdad, the capital of Iraq.
- 2005: Around 1,200 people were killed in a stampede in Baghdad on Wednesday. The reason was that when thousands of Shia Muslims started marching towards a shrine.
- 2007: The World Health Organization announces the elimination of an unexplained disease that has a high mortality rate, a form of hemorrhagic fever in the butcher’s region believed to be the cause of the outbreak.
- 2009: In England and Wales, homosexuals are given equal birth rights.
- 2010: US military encroachments in Iraq since 2003 officially ended.
- 2010: Fossils of the Belaur genus Dinosaur have been discovered in Romania.
- 2011: The German city of Bonn introduced a meter for prostitutes. The meter taxed prostitutes at the rate of six euros per night, and was often placed near the industrial area used by prostitutes.
- 2012: Apple loses copyright lawsuit against Samsung Electronics smart phones and tablets in Tokyo, Japan.
- 2013: In Shanghai, a chemical leak killed 15 people and injured at least 26. The leak was of liquid ammonia, which occurred in a cold storage unit owned by a seafood company.