July is the seventh month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, July was the fifth month of the year. July was previously called Quintilis in Latin as it was the fifth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the seventh month when January and February were added to the calendar.
July was originally Quintilis, the fifth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. July 12 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, July also has 31 days. It is the warmest month of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and coldest month in the Southern hemisphere.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on July 12. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 12 July:
- 1489: Bahlul Khan Lodi, the founder of the Lodi dynasty, died in Delhi.
- 1673: The Confederacy of Defense is signed between the Netherlands and Denmark.
- 1674: Shivaji signs a friendship contract with the East India Company.
- 1690: Protestants defeated the Roman Catholic army under the leadership of William of Orange.
- 1704: Stanislav Lesjczynski is made king of Poland.
- 1730: Lorenzo Corsini is elected as Pope Clemens XII.
- 1774: Citizens of Carlisle, Pennsylvania, pass the symbolic Declaration of Independence.
- 1794: Horatio Nelson lost sight in his right eye in a British army operation at Calvi in Corsica.
- 1799: Ranjit Singh took over Lahore from Bhangi Misl, an important step to establish the Sikh Empire and become Maharaja of Punjab.
- 1801: Britain defeats France and Spain at the Battle of Algeciras.
- 1801: In the Second Battle of Algeciras, the British Army defeated the French and Spanish forces.
- 1812: America invades Canada in Windsor, Ontario.
- 1823: Diana, the first steam ship built in India, is unveiled in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- 1874: Ontario Agricultural College was established.
- 1912: Queen Elizabeth became the first foreign film to appear in the US.
- 1918: Japanese warship explodes in the Gulf of Tokayam. In which 500 people died.
- 1935: Belgium diplomatically recognizes the Soviet Union.
- 1939: Trinidad and Tobago Red Cross Society is established.
- 1966: Indira Gandhi visits Moscow.
- 1967: Greek military rule cut off 480 Greek pieces of their citizenship.
- 1970: A severe flood in the Alaknanda River killed 600 people.
- 1975: Sao Tome and Principe declared independence in Portugal
- 1976: Barbara Jordan was the first African-American to attend a political conference.
- 1982: Checker Motors Corporation Automobile ceases production.
- 1993: There was a 7.8 magnitude earthquake in Japan. In which 160 people were killed.
- 1994: Yasser Arafat, president of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, came to the Gaza Strip after leading a 27-year exile.
- 1998: France defeated Brazil 3–0 in the Football World Cup final.
- 1999: Film artist Rajendra Kumar died in Mumbai at the age of 71.
- 2001: ‘Friendship’ bus service between India and Bangladesh Agartala and Dhaka started.
- 2012: Wrestler and Bollywood artist Dara Singh passed away.
- 2012: 200 people killed in Tremsey by Syrian Army.
- 2013: Pran, a well-known Hindi film hero, villain and character actor, passed away.