July is the seventh month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, July was the fifth month of the year. July was previously called Quintilis in Latin as it was the fifth month in the ancient Roman calendar. It became the seventh month when January and February were added to the calendar.
July was originally Quintilis, the fifth month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 31 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 45 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. July 23 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, July also has 31 days. It is the warmest month of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and coldest month in the Southern hemisphere.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on July 23. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 23 July:
- 1540: Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismand Zapolayi as King of Hungary.
- 1555: Humayun enters Delhi after conquering Alexander Suri in Sirhind.
- 1726: Benjamin Franklin sailed back to Philadelphia.
- 1764: James Otis published his views on taxation without representation.
- 1829: The typograph was patented by William Austin Burt of America, who laid the foundation for the typewriter.
- 1840: Created by an Act of the Union of Provinces of Canada.
- 1863: Alexandra Park opened in North London.
- 1903: Ford Motor Company sells its first car.
- 1905: Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
- 1927: Regular radio broadcasting started in Bombay.
- 1952: European Coal and Steel Community is established.
- 1960: Yusuf bin Ishaq inaugurates St. John Ambulance headquarters in Singapore.
- 1972: The United States launched Landsat 1, the first Earth-resource satellite.
- 1974: The military ruler of Greece is replaced by the civilian government after the conclusion of seven years of military rule in Greece.
- 1983: The first war between the LTTE rebels known as the Tamil Tigers and the Sri Lankan government begins.
- 1983: 117 people died due to heavy rains in western Shiman province of Japan.
- 1984: Vanessa Williams became the first woman in the history of ‘Miss America’ to give up her title. A nude photo forced him to relinquish the title.
- 1985: Commodore launches Amiga personal computer at Lincoln Center in New York.
- 1989: Giulio Underti takes over as Prime Minister of Italy.
- 2001: Meghavati Sukarnoputri becomes the President of Indonesia.
- 2004: King of Hindi films, Mahmood Ali, died.
- 2005: Around 100 people were killed in bomb blasts in Sharm el-Sheikh and Nama Bay in Egypt.
- 2012: Freedom fighter and philanthropist Laxmi Sehgal died.
- 2014: 44 people were killed and 222 injured when a Trans Asia Airways plane crashed in Taiwan.