May is the fifth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, May was the third month of the year. It became the fifth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. May 01 has its own special significance in India and world history.
There are 31 days in May and it does not start or end on the same day of the week as any other month.
May’s birth flower is the Lily of the Valley and the Crataegus monogyna.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on May 01. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 01 May:
- 1711: Austria signs the Karel-Hungarian Rebellion for peace
- 1715: Persia declares war with Sweden.
- 1726: Voltaire begins exile in England.
- 1753: Publication of the plantarum of the species by Linnaeus, and formal date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature began.
- 1778: American Revolution: The Battle of the Crooked Billet begins in Hetborough, Pennsylvania.
- 1781: Emperor Jozef II reduced the patronage of the population.
- 1786: The wedding of Mozart’s opera Vivah premiered in Vienna.
- 1822: John Phillips becomes the first Mayor of Boston.
- 1834: Belgian parliament accepted railway laws
- 1840: The world’s first stamp was issued in Great Britain, with a portrait of Queen Victoria of Britain printed on it. The postage stamp was printed in black on a small square paper and was priced at a penny.
- 1844: The Hong Kong Police Force is the second in the world and the first modern police force in Asia was established.
- 1850: John Geary becomes the first mayor of San Francisco.
- 1873: First US Postal Postal Card is issued.
- 1876: Queen Victoria won the title of India.
- 1886: The labor unions of America went on strike for not keeping the work time more than 8 hours. Since then, the International Workers’ Day began to be celebrated all over the world.
- 1895: Dundela football, sports and association club formed in Belfast.
- 1897: Ramakrishna Mission was established by Swami Vivekananda. The aim of Swami Vivekananda was to organize such sadhus, who have deep faith in the teachings of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, to spread their teachings to the masses and to serve the selfless and unhappy mankind selflessly.
- 1914: American car manufacturer Ford Motors became the first company to implement the rule of working eight hours for its employees.
- 1923: Celebration of May Day in India started in Chennai in 1923. At that time it was recognized as Madras Day. It was started by Comrade Singaravelu Chettiar, leader of the Bharati Mazdoor Kisan Party. This day is celebrated on May 1 in almost 80 countries of the world including India.
- 1954: Unification Church established in South Korea.
- 1956: Polio vaccine developed by American scientist Jonas Salk was made available to the public.
- 1958: Arturo Frondiji became President of Argentina.
- 1960: Maharashtra was officially declared a separate state of the Government of India under the Bombay Reorganization Act.
- 1963: The Coca-Cola Company introduces its first diet drink, Tab Cola.
- 1971: Amtrak introduced inter-city rail passenger in the United States.
- 1976: 24 people are killed in a train accident in Skiedham, Netherlands.
- 1977: 34 deaths from the massacre of Texim Square in Istanbul.
- 1989: Disney-MGM Studios of Walt Disney World opened to the public for the first time.
- 1993: Suicide bomber from Tamil Tigers kills Sri Lankan President Ranasingh Premadasa.
- 1995: Jacques Chirac was elected President of France.
- 2001: The Netherlands became the first country in the world to implement the gay marriage law. Subsequently, so far in Belgium, Spain, Canada, South Africa, Sweden, Portugal, Ireland, and the United States, gay marriage has been made legal.
- 2004: 10 new nations joined the European Union (European Union), a political and economic forum of 28 countries based in Europe, which were mostly countries of Eastern Europe.
- 2009: Same-sex marriage was legalized in Sweden.
- 2011: US President Barack Obama announces the death of Al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden in the city of Abbottabad, Pakistan, the mastermind of the September 11, 2001 attack.
- 2012: China and Russia sign $ 15 trillion dollar trade agreement.