November is the eleventh month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. The month kept its original name from the Latin novem meaning “nine” which marked it the 9th month of the year in the Roman calendar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number is 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. November 14 has its own special significance in India and world history.
November was named during a time when the calendar year began with March, which is why its name no longer corresponds with its placement in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in India and world History on November 14. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 14 November:
- 1533: Spanish explorers locate Ecuador in the northwest of South America and include it in their colony.
- 1732: The first professional librarian in North America, Louis Timothy, is hired in Philadelphia.
- 1794: The first meeting of the Franklin Literary Society was held at the Cannesburg Academy (modern Washington and Jefferson College).
- 1834: William Thomson entered Glasgow University after 10 years and 4 months.
- 1881: Charles J.Guiteu prosecuted for assassinating US President Garfield.
- 1883: The Congress of Chile established the National Library.
- 1889: India’s first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad.
- 1896: Started power plant operation at Niagara Falls.
- 1908: Albert Einstein introduced quantum theory of light.
- 1918: Republic of Czechoslovakia is established and TG Masric becomes President.
- 1920: The first concert of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra begins.
- 1921: Communist Party of Spain is established.
- 1922: German Reich Chancellor Joseph Wirth’s term ends.
- 1923: Kentaro Suzuki completes the climb to Mount Lizuna.
- 1937: A bomb blast in Jerusalem city kills 7 and injures many.
- 1955: Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) was inaugurated.
- 1957: Children’s Day was officially announced on the occasion of the birthday of the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
- 1960: 110 people are killed in two train collisions in the Czech Republic.
- 1968: Yale University decides to admit women to school.
- 1972: The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1000 (1,003.16) for the first time.
- 1984: NASA launches NATO 3D satellite.
- 2001: War in Afghanistan: Afghan Northern Alliance fighters capture the capital Kabul.
- 2007: Denmark’s Prime Minister André Fag Rasmussen takes charge of the country for the third consecutive time.
- 2008: The original impact probe landed on the moon’s surface.
- 2009: 15 coaches of the Mandore Superfast Express derailed near the Banskoh gate in Jaipur, killing 6 passengers.