November is the eleventh month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. The month kept its original name from the Latin novem meaning “nine” which marked it the 9th month of the year in the Roman calendar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number is 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. November 18 has its own special significance in India and world history.
November was named during a time when the calendar year began with March, which is why its name no longer corresponds with its placement in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in India and world History on November 18. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 18 November:
- 1727: Maharaja Jai Singh II founded the city of Jaipur.The architect of the city was Vidyadhar Chakraborty of Bengal.
- 1738: France and Austria sign peace treaty.
- 1742: Persia and Britain sign French military agreement.
- 1772: Peshwa Madhavrao I passed away and was succeeded by his younger brother Narayan Rao.
- 1803: Battle of Verteres: Haiti Army defeated Napoleon’s ar my led by Jean-Jacques Desalines.
- 1833: Jonhoven Treaty signed between Holland and Belgium.
- 1873: Irish Home Rule Movement: The Home Government Association reorganized itself as the Home Rule League.
- 1874: National Women’s Christian Temperance Union is organized in Cleveland.
- 1901: Famous Indian film director V.Shantaram was born.
- 1918: Latvia declares independence from Russia.
- 1928: For the first time, Mickey Mouse appeared on the big screen with his film Steamboat Willie.
- 1929: Nazi al-Suwedi becomes Prime Minister of Iraq
- 1931: Japanese army captured Kikihar city.
- 1941: Operation Flapper was terminated by British failure.
- 1948: 500 people drowned after the steamer ‘Narayani’ crashed near Patna, the capital of Bihar.
- 1956: Morocco attains independence.
- 1963: American telephone company Bell Systems brought the first phone to the world with a buttoned dialing pad.
- 1963: The Dartford Tunnel in England is opened to the public.
- 1972: Tiger was selected as the national animal.
- 1974: International Energy Agency was established.
- 1985: Elmo was known as the children’s TV show Sesame Street.
- 1987: A fire at King’s Cross on the London Underground kills 31 people and injures another 100.
- 1993: 21 political parties in South Africa accepted the new constitution, expanding the scope of voting under it.
- 1993: The first meeting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit was held in Seattle.
- 2002: Iraq Disarmament Crisis: A team of UN weapons inspectors led by Hanes Blix arrived in Iraq.
- 2013: US space agency NASA sent Maven orbit to Mars.