November is the eleventh month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. The month kept its original name from the Latin novem meaning “nine” which marked it the 9th month of the year in the Roman calendar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. November 20 has its own special significance in India and world history.
November was named during a time when the calendar year began with March, which is why its name no longer corresponds with its placement in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on November 20. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 20 November:
- 1719: Stockholm compromises peace with Sweden and Hannover.
- 1750: Tipu Sultan, the ruler of Mysore, was born.
- 1815: Russia, Prussia, Austria and England combine to maintain peace in Europe.
- 1815: The Napoleonic War ended 12 years later.
- 1817: The first Seminole War began in Florida.
- 1829: Jews were expelled from Nikolayev and Sevastopol region of Russia.
- 1864: Alexander II began judicial reforms from the Russian Empire.
- 1866: Howard University was established (Washington, D.C.).
- 1917: Bose Research Institute established in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
- 1934: Georges Thenis becomes the Prime Minister of Belgium for the second time.
- 1942: British army recaptures Libyan capital Benghazi.
- 1950: For the first time in the Korea War, the US and Chinese armies faced each other.
- 1955: Pauli Umrigar scored India’s first double century in a Test match against New Zealand.
- 1960: At the 7th Convention of European Countries in Sweden, a proposal for the formation of an independent European trade organization Efta was agreed.
- 1962: The famous Danish scientist Neil Bohr died at the age of 82, awarded the Nobel Prize.
- 1975: The dictator General Francesco Franco, who ruled Spain for 39 years, was killed.
- 1981: Adopted constitution in African country Burundi.
- 1985: Bill Gates launches the Windows-1 operating system.
- 1999: The People’s Republic of China launched the first Shenzhen spacecraft.
- 2012: The Church of England voted against the priesthood of women.
- 2015: At least 19 people were held hostage in Bamako, the capital of the African country of Mali.