September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 05 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 05. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 05 September:
- 1666: 13,200 houses were damaged and eighty people died in the horrific fire in the London city of England.
- 1750: The decree issued in Paderborn Prussia allowed an annual search of all Jewish homes for stolen or “suspicious” goods.
- 1774: First Continental Congress unites in Philadelphia.
- 1816: Louis XVIII tried to dissolve the Chamber found (“unsurpassed Chamber”).
- 1836: Famous American politician Sam Houston is appointed the new President of the Republic of Texas.
- 1836: Sam Houston is elected as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
- 1838: Central Museum opened in Utrecht Netherlands.
- 1839: The first opium war between China and Britain started in East China as trade disputes reached its climax.
- 1839: The first opium war started in China.
- 1882: The first United States Labor Day Parade was held in New York City.
- 1885: First gasoline pump is installed at Fort Wayon, Indiana, USA.
- 1887: 186 people died in a fire at the Theater Royal Exeter in England.
- 1888: The second President of India, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born into a Brahmin family in a small village in Tirumani, Tamil Nadu.
- 1912: Fifteen Christians were massacred by the Turks at Hemmel, near the town of Scootery.
- 1914: London, Russia, France, Belgium and Russia were signed by 5 countries of the world.
- 1920: Presidential election begins in Mexico.
- 1948: Robert Suman becomes Prime Minister of France.
- 1960: American boxer Cassius Clay, popularly known as Muhammad Ali, won the gold heavyweight at the Olympics.
- 1962: Teachers’ Day is celebrated every year on 5 September. Teachers’ Day is celebrated across India on September 5 to pay their respects to the teachers on the occasion of the birthday of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the former President of India.
- 1969: The first automated teller machine was installed at the Rockville Center in New York City, USA.
- 1986: Neerja Bhanot, who lost her life while assisting and protecting passengers in a hijacked Pan Am Flight 73 from Mumbai to New York, died in Karachi.
- 1991: The first black ex-president of South Africa, Nelson Mandela, was elected president of the African National Congress.
- 1997: Missionary of Charity founder and Nobel Prize winner Mother Teresa died in Kolkata.
- 1997: More than 87 people were killed in the Beni Messaus massacre in Algeria.
- 2005: Mandala Airlines plane 091 crashed in a residential area in Sumatra in Indonesia, killing 104 people in it and 39 people in the residential area.
- 2014: According to an estimate by the World Health Organization (WHO), 1900 deaths out of 3,500 people infected with the Ebella virus in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone have died.