September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally September mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honour Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number is 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 12 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in India and world History on September 12. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 12 September:
- 1217: Louis the Emperor of the French reached a peace settlement with British King Henry III.
- 1309: The Reconquista-Forces of the Kingdom of Castile captured Gibraltar from the Emirate of Granada, although they will lose control of it 24 years later.
- 1398: Timur Lung, the ruler of the Timuri dynasty, reached the banks of the Indus River.
- 1609: Riding Halvain Main, Englishman Henry Hudsonbegan discovers the Hudson River, which laid the foundations of the colony of present-day New York.
- 1635: Sweden and Poland sign a truce.
- 1683: The Great Turkish War — the Polish Army led by John III Sobuski — joined forces with a Habsburg army to defeat the Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vienna.
- 1703: Emperor Leopold is removed from Spanish heritage.
- 1720: Isaak of Hoenbeek elects Dutch pension advisor.
- 1722: Russian troops capture Baku and Derbent in Persian.
- 1758: French astronomer Charles Messier begins his Messier catalogue by misidentifying the Crab Nebula.
- 1786: Lord Cornwallis becomes Governor General of India.
- 1814: The Battle of North Point was fought near Baltimore during the War of 1812.
- 1814: War of 1812 — Although the Maryland militia lost the Battle of North Point, they were able to delay against the British Advantage, with time to buy the city to defend.
- 1848: Switzerland becomes a federal state, adopting Newconstitutions.
- 1873: First practical typewriter sold to customers.
- 1909: German chemist Fritts Hoffmann obtains a patent for synthetic rubber.
- 1910: Gustav Mahler’s Symphony No. 8, one of the largest large-scale choralworks in classical concert performances, was previously performed in Munich.
- 1922: Pavo Nurmi set a world record of 5000 meters.
- 1928: 6000 people died due to a severe storm in Florida.
- 1930: Eastern Columbia Building was inaugurated in Los Angeles.
- 1931: Mahatma Gandhi arrives in London to attend the Round Table Conference.
- 1933: Hungarian-American physicist Léo Szilard conceived the ideology of nuclear chain reaction while waiting for a traffic light in Inbloomsbury, London.
- 1942: World War II- The Imperial Japanese Army launched the Battle of Edson in an attempt to recapture Henderson Field over Guadalcanal.
- 1942: A U-boat landed RAS Laconia with torpedoes off the coast of WestAfrica and attempted to rescue passengers, including some 80 Aegean, 160 Polish and 268 British soldiers, and about 1800 Italian popes.
- 1944: US Army enters Germany for the first time.
- 1948: The prevalence of infantile paralysis (polio) has been steadily increasing in many US states, with schools closed for public health reasons only in the most affected areas.
- 1959: Rocket ‘Luna-2’ of the erstwhile Soviet Union reached the moon.
- 1966: Indian swimmer Mihir Sen swam across the Dardanless Strait.
- 1968: Albania declares itself to be separated from the Warsaw Pact.
- 1974: Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia was removed by the army jawan Dirt.
- 1977: A strong anti-apartheid activist, Steve Biko, was killed in an African prison while in police custody.
- 1983: Clandestine group Boricua Popular Army in Bankebury, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA closed with the largest cash theft of $ 7 million at the time.
- 1987: Ethiopia adopted its constitution.
- 1990: An activity called bungee jumping has been banned in Australia following several high-profile deaths and various other injuries.
- 2000: The US dollar continues its strong run in late trade with the pound sterling and the dollar higher against the euro.
- 2005: In Colombia, an aeroplane hijacker and his son surrendered peacefully after a five-hour conversation. The officers discovered to him that what he later learned was a worthless bank check.
- 2007: Russia tests non-nuclear vacuum bomb (eco-friendly bomb).
- 2007: Russia tests what they claim to be the largest non-nuclear explosive in the world. The bomb is said to be four times more powerful than the Moab device in the USA.
- 2008: The collapse of XL Leisure Group, the third largest tour operator in the United Kingdom, with more than 85,000 British holidaymakers stranded overseas.
- 2010: 27th MTV Video Music Awards: Lady Gaga and Eminem won.
- 2011: Stocks on Asian markets fall sharply due to renewed concerns over the eurozone debt crisis.
- 2012: Apple released its Phone-5 and iOS-6.
- 2012: A factory fire in the Pakistani cities of Karachi and Lahore killed 314 people.
- 2013: NASA’s Voyager 1 space probe makes history by advancing the solar system’s past – becoming the first man-made object to reach interstellar space.
- 2015: Jeremy Corbyn was elected leader of the Labor Party in Britain.
- 490: Greco-Persian Wars-Athenian and his Plantains withdraw from the first Persian invasion of Greece at the Battle of Marathon.