September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 13 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 13. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 13 September:
- 1100: International Chocolate Day is observed today. Because chocolate was first used today.
- 1229: Genghis Khan’s third son, Ö Didei Khan, was the Khagrass Khagan of the Mongol Empire.
- 1541: After three years of exile, John Calvin returned to the Church of Geneva under a body of doctrine known as Cavalinism.
- 1743: Treaty of Britain, Austria and Savoy-Sardinia Worms signed.
- 1751: Calvária Banskaya Stavnica was completed in the Kingdom of Hungary.
- 1759: The British defeat the French army on the plains of Abraham.
- 1780: First lift test in Chicago, USA. It was built by an American named John Beckbart.
- 1788: New York City becomes America’s first capital.
- 1791: Louis Fourteen of France accepted the final version of the entire constitution.
- 1814: The War of 1812 — Fort McHenry in Inner Harbor, Baltimore, was devastated by the British Army during the Battle of Baltimore, later by Francis Scott Key to write ‘The Star-Spangled Banner’, which led to the United States Became the national anthem of America.
- 1834: Gleaner newspaper first published in Jamaica.
- 1848: The explosion caused a large iron rod to completely kill Hedofin. Ejected through the gage, making him an important early case of brain damaging personality and behavior.
- 1858: The Hamburg-US ship Austria fire and sinks, killing 471 people.
- 1928: 8 people killed by a storm in northeast Nebraska.
- 1933: Elizabeth McCombs became the first woman elected to ThePar Sensitiveness of New Zealand.
- 1940: Italy forces capture Libya in Egypt and Fort Campuzzo in Sallum.
- 1945: War begins in Vietnam.
- 1947: Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru suggested mutual transfer of 40 lakh Hindus and Muslims.
- 1956: IBM released 305 Remake, the first commercial computer with disk storage.
- 1961: After more nuclear tests by Russia, the US will resume underground testing of nuclear weapons within the next ten days.
- 1964: South Vietnamese generals Lam Wan Phat and Duong Van Duk Tadka try Tadka after June leader Nguyen Khan demotes him.
- 1968: Albania dissociates itself from the Warsaw Pact.
- 1971: World Hockey Association is formed.
- 1971: After a failed coup attempt, Maotse Tung’s second-in-command Biao died in a plane crash while attempting to escape from the People’s Republic of China.
- 1977: The first diesel automobile was introduced by General Motors.
- 1979: China conducts nuclear test.
- 1985: Steve Jobs resigns from Apple Computer to create Next.
- 1985: Super Mario Bros., one of the best-selling and most influential games of all time, was first released for the NES in Japan.
- 1987: A radioactive object was discharged from a hospital in Brazil, originating from a hospital in Goyania, resulting in the death of four people and serious pollution among 249 others.
- 1988: Hurricane Gilbert reached a minimum pressure of 888 MB (26.22 in) with sustained flight-level winds of 185 mph (295 km / h), making it the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record at the time.
- 1994: The space probe Ulyssus passes through the Sun’s South Pole.
- 2000: India’s top chess player Vishwanathan Anand won the first FIDE Chess World Cup in Shenyang.
- 2001: Osama bin Laden is named as the prime minister behind the terrorist attacks in the United States two days ago by Colonel Powell, Secretary of State.
- 2006: Kimvir Gill shot and killed 19 people at Montreal’s Dawson College for unknown reasons.
- 2007: Burj Khalifa in Dubai, the capital of the United Arab Emirates, becomes the largest building in the world.
- 2007: Burj Dubai becomes the largest structure in the world.
- 2008: Four bomb blasts occurred one after another at three places in Delhi, killing 30 people and injuring more than 130.
- 2008: Five explosions occurred at various places in Delhi, killing at least 30 people.
- 2008: Five synchronized bombings occurred in Delhi, India within a short time, resulting in 30 people killed and 130 injured.
- 2009: The teeth and bones of many animals, including hyenas, deer and rhinoceros have been discovered by archaeologists inside a cave in Devon, England.
- 2010: At least 18 people are killed after protests in Jammu and Kashmir after a Quran was reported burning in the United States.
- 2011: In Sweden, four people arrested for the 2011 failed Gothenburg terrorist attack are believed to be linked to the al-Qaeda terrorist network.
- 2013: A World War II balloon is located in the town of Kemi in Lapland, killing one person and evacuating hundreds of residents.
- 2014: Three Maoists were killed and two were seriously injured in a clash with security forces in Giridih district of Jharkhand state, India.
- 509: The temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on Capitoline Hill, an important temple in ancient Rome, was dedicated.
- 922: The highest temperature on land was recorded in El Azizia, Libya. This temperature measured in the shade was 136.4 ° F (58 ° C).