September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 14 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 14. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 14 September:
- 1723: Grand Master Antonio Manol de Vilne inaugurates Fort Manol in Malta.
- 1752: Britain adopts the Gregory calendar, excluding the Julian calendar.
- 1752: In adopting the Gregorian calendar under the terms of the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750, the British Empire gave up eleven days (2 September directly after 14 September).
- 1763: During the Pontiac Rebellion, about 300 Seneca warriors attacked an army garrison, killing 81 soldiers.
- 1770: Freedom of the press is recognized in Denmark.
- 1803: British general Lord Lake captured Delhi during the Second Anglo-Maratha War.
- 1812: French invasion of Russia: Napoleon’s troops enter Moscow, which is deliberately set on fire by Muscovite at the behest of Fodor Rostopchine.
- 1829: The Russian-Turkish War ends after the Adrianople peace agreement.
- 1891: The Empire State Express train completed 702 kilometers from New York City to Buffalo in 7 hours 6 minutes. It was a high speed train at that time.
- 1901: US President William McKenzie is shot and killed in the United States.
- 1901: William McKinley, the 25th President of the United States, is assassinated by Leon Kozolgoz, when he is shot at a blank range.
- 1901: Theodore Roosevelt became president of the United States at the age of 42, the youngest person to do so, eight days after William McKinlevas was fatally wounded in Buffalo, New York.
- 1911: Russian Prime Minister Pyotr Stolipin was executed at the Kiev Opera House.
- 1914: HMAS AE1 was the first submarine of the Royal Australian Navy to wash at sea; Its debris was never found.
- 1917: Russia officially declared a republic.
- 1917: The Provisional Government declared Russia a republic.
- 1926: The Locarno Treaty establishing the settlements after World War I was formally ratified by the signed nations.
- 1927: In a freak automobile accident, dancer Isadora Duncan was stabbed to death in Nice, France, after her scarf got stuck in the onthe wheel of a car in which she was a passenger.
- 1949: The Constituent Assembly adopted Hindi as the official language of India. Since 1953, 14th of September is celebrated every year throughout India as Hindi Day.
- 1951: A seedless watermelon has been developed at Purdue University, is round and weighs about 8 to 10 pounds; It can be seen on sale in some parts of the country until next year.
- 1954: In a top secret nuclear test, a Soviet TU-4 bomber landed just 40 kilotons of troops and 10,000 civilians for a nuclear collapse just north of the village of Totskoye.
- 1959: Luna-2 spacecraft of the then Soviet Union became the first aircraft to land on the moon.
- 1959: The first man-made object Luna 2 lands crashing on the moon, calling the space race between the two superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union, becoming the first man-made object to reach the moon.
- 1964: The London Daily Herald publication was abolished and replaced by The Sun.
- 1966: The minimum wage is at a new rate of $ 1.40 per hour that will include public schools and nursing homes, as well as state and local government workers in the construction industry.
- 1972: West Germany and Poland reach agreement on diplomatic relations.
- 1975: Elizabeth Ann Seton became the first born citizen of the birth states to be ordained.
- 1979: Afghan President Noor Muhammad Taraki was assassinated after the assassination of Hafizullah Amin, who became the new President.
- 1982: Hollywood’s famous actress and Monaco Princess Grace Kelly was killed in a car accident in Motte Carlo.
- 1982: When Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayal was assassinated, when a bomb exploded at the Beirut headquarters in Phalange.
- 1985: Soviet Union orders 25 British diplomats to leave the country on charges of espionage.
- 1998: Microsoft becomes the largest company in the world, overtaking General Electric. It was valued at $ 261 billion on the New York Stock Exchange.
- 1998: Microsoft has become the world’s largest company after just 23 years, after being valued at $ 261bn on the New York Stock Exchange, finally beating General Electric in valuation.
- 1999: Kiribati, Nauru and Tonga join the United States.
- 2003: Estonia approved joining the European Union in a referendum.
- 2003: Guinea-Bissau President Kumbha Illa was included in the flood-less coup.
- 2006: The African Union has supported an IGAD peacekeeping campaign in Somalia, known as IGASOM.
- 2007: Japan successfully launches its first lunar probe. The probe, called Celine, was first scheduled to orbit the Earth and then traveled to the moon and collected information with two small satellites for a year.
- 2007: Financial crisis in the late 2000s — Northern Rock Bank facilitated specific assistance from the Bank of England, sparking the United Kingdom’s first banker in 150 years.
- 2008: All 88 people aboard the plane were killed when the Aeroflot aircraft 821 crashed at the Perm Airport in Perm Krai, Russia.
- 2008: All 88 people aboard the Aeroflot Flight 821 were killed when the plane approached the Perm Airport in Perm Krai, Russia.
- 2009: 129th Men’s US Open: Juan Martin del Potro defeated Roger Federer (3-6, 7-6, 4-6, 7-6, 6-2).
- 2011: Ten people died and another seventy were injured when a passenger train collided with a stationary train in Tamil Nadu, India.
- 2012: The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge began legal action after the magazine Closer published topless photos of the Duchess taken on vacation in France last week.
- 2013: Japan launches ‘affordable’ Epsilon space rocket. The Epsilon rocket is about half the size of previous rockets in Japan and also half the cost of production.
- 786: Harun al-Rashid became the Abbasid Caliph on the death of his brother Al-Hadi.
- 81: Dominitian became the last Flavian emperor of Rome, succeeding his brother Titus.