September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 16 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 16. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 16 September:
- 1400: Owen Glynder is proclaimed Prince of Wales and incited against the rule of Henry IV of England.
- 1702: John Churchill is forced to surrender Venlo on the River Meuse.
- 1725: Treaty of Hanover; Signed between Great Britain, France and Prussia.
- 1729: William K. H. Friso is made Viceroy of the city of Groningen.
- 1747: French troops capture Zoom and Bergen.
- 1776: On the American Revolutionary War, British soldiers hear the sound of their herons as if they were a fox, the American colonists captured their territory and won a victory in the Battle of Harlem Heightsin in present-day New York City.
- 1782: Great seal of the United States was used for the first time.
- 1795: British forces capture Cape Town from the Netherlands.
- 1810: Spain attains independence from Spain after 300 years of Spain’s colonial rule.
- 1810: Miguel Hidalgo, priest of the parish in Dolores, Guanajuato, delivers Grito de Dolores to his congregation, sparking the independence of the Mexican War against Spain.
- 1821: Mexico’s independence is recognized.
- 1824: Charles succeeded his brother Louis XVIII as the king of tenth France.
- 1840: Handed over (prepared) works and papers related to the Joseph Strud Derby Arboretum, which became England’s first public park.
- 1848: Abolished slavery in all its colonies by France based in Western Europe.
- 1861: Savings Bank opened in British Post Office.
- 1892: The first woman took admission to Yale University to graduate.
- 1906: Roald Amundsson of Norway discovers the magnetic south pole.
- 1908: William Crepo Billy founded the automobile manufacturer General Motors.
- 1916: Classical singer and actress MS awarded Bharat Ratna, the country’s largest civilian honor. Subbalakshmi was born.
- 1920: A bomb kills 38 people on Wall Street and injures more than 400. The mystery was never solved, but it was widely believed to be the work of radical anarchists.
- 1932: Mahatma Gandhi begins his hunger strike in an effort to abolish the new caste caste segregation laws.
- 1940: World War II-Italy captures the city of Sidi Bairani, the Batheer invasion of Egypt did not escalate.
- 1941: Shah Reza Pahlavi of Iran was forced to favor the son of Mohammad Raza Pahlavi.
- 1947: Cyclone Kathleen killed 1,930 people in Saitama, Japan’s capital Tokyo.
- 1956: Television broadcasting begins in Australia.
- 1959: Haloid Xerox introduced Xerox 914, the first physicist invented by American physicist Cheris Carlson.
- 1961: The United States’ National Hurricane Research Project Safeto weakened Hurricane Eicher by irrigating it with silver iodide, which led to the establishment of Project Stormfury.
- 1963: Malaya, Singapore, North Borneo (present-day Sabah), and Sarawak merged into Malaysia.
- 1966: In South Vietnam, Thich Tri Quang ends a 100-day hunger strike.
- 1967: Soviet Union conducts nuclear test in eastern Kazakh.
- 1975: Papua New Guinea gained independence from Australia.
- 1975: Australia liberates Papua New Guinea.
- 1978: A 7.7-magnitude earthquake that struck Tabar, Iran, killed 25,000 people.
- 1978: General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq officially assumed the office of President of Pakistan.
- 1978: 7.7 Magnitude Earthquake Tabs, Iran. It killed more than 20,000 people and plunged the city to the ground. Rescue operations continue in the hope of finding survivors who are buried under the rubble but may still be alive.
- 1986: 177 people killed after being trapped in a gold mine in South Africa.
- 1987: The Montreal Protocol, an international treaty that created the ozone layer by phasing out the production of several stages for ozone depletion, considered responsible for ozone depletion.
- 1990: Construction of the Northern Xinjiang Railway was completed between qirümqi and Alashankou to connect the railway lines of China and Kazakhstan and a large portion to the Eurasian Land Bridge.
- 1994: Britain bans broadcasting of Northern Ireland to Sinn Féin and paramilitary groups.
- 1997: Steve Jobs returns to Apple Computer, which he founded to temporarily run the company while searching for a permanent leader.
- 2003: The Federal Reserve will keep interest rates at the current 45-year low of 1% as core inflation is down from 37% to 1.3%.
- 2005: Pakistan’s President Pervez Musharraf has expressed outrage among people, calling the rape victims in Pakistan part of the ‘concern for earning money’.
- 2007: One to go airline crashes in Thailand, killing 89 people.
- 2010: The poverty rate in the United States reached a 15-year high of 14.3 percent, the equivalent of about 43.6 million people.
- 2011: NASA scientists enthusiastically announce the discovery of a perimeter-binary planet. A planet orbiting two stars instead of one.
- 2014: Islamic State wages war against Syrian Kurdish fighters.