September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 19 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 19. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 19 September:
- 1581: Sikh Guru Ram Das died. Guru Ram Das was the fourth Guru of the Sikhs.
- 1676: During Bacon’s Rebellion, the residents of Virginia, led by NathanielBacon, burned the landowner’s colonial capital to the ground.
- 1692: Salem witch trials — like Giles Corey — are being crushed for refusing to file a plea to witch craft charges, with his last words purportedly, ‘Overweight!’
- 1755: Great Britain and Russia sign military agreement.
- 1846: Two French shepherd children, Melania Calvat and Maximinagirod, experience a Marian situation on a mountaineer near Lala Sallet, France, now known as Our Lady of La Sallette.
- 1863: The Battle of Chickamauga began in northwest Georgia and ended the most important Union defeat in the Western Theater of the American Civil War.
- 1865: University of Atlanta was established.
- 1870: The siege of Paris begins in the Franco-Prussian War.
- 1876: A football club is established in Ottawa.
- 1888: The world’s first beauty pageant was launched in Belgium.
- 1893: All women were given voting rights under the Elections Act 1893 in New Zealand.
- 1893: New Zealand became the first country to introduce universalism after the women’s suffrage movement led by Kate Sheppard.
- 1907: Artificial oil was manufactured for the first time in history. This new material was invented by Scottish chemist James Yang.
- 1918: Third Transjordan attack begins in Jordan Valley.
- 1940: Witold Pilkey, a member of the Polish Resistance, removes himself from German forces and is sent on orders from the Auschwitz concentration campin to gather intelligence.
- 1944: Finland and Soviet Union sign Moscow Armistice to end the continuation war.
- 1952: Charlie Chaplin is refused entry to Hollywood to return home until he has been fully investigated.
- 1955: The Argentine army and navy revolted and removed President Juan Perón.
- 1957: US conducts first underground nuclear test in Nevada desert.
- 1960: Chubby Checker holds the No. 1 record with The Twist. The dance craze started around the world for this dance form.
- 1964: 70 ethnic Vietnamese soldiers killed by an armed rebellion ruled by the Montagnards in Vietnam’s Arpi Republic of Nguyen Khan.
- 1965: Sunita Williams, the second woman of Indian origin in space, was born.
- 1970: The world’s first Greenfield Festival, the first Glastonbury Festival, was held at the Michael Avis farm in Glensbury, England.
- 1970: Greek student Kostas Georgakis set himself on fire in Genoa, Italy, as a protest against the Greek military junta of Georgiopappopoulos.
- 1973: Soviet Union conducts successful underground nuclear test.
- 1974: In Honduras, 5000 people died due to the havoc of hurricane Fifi.
- 1982: Scott Fahman became the first person to use online messaging.
- 1983: St. Kitts and Nevis became an independent state.
- 1985: Earthquake in Mexico City causes massive destruction. In which three states were destroyed and around 10,000 people died.
- 1985: New York State joins several other states, requiring insurance companies to undergo blood tests for AIDS when applying for health or life insurance.
- 1985: An 8.1 ML earthquake struck Mexico City, killing at least 9,000 people and leaving 100,000 homeless.
- 1991: Oftzi, a well-preserved natural mummy of a man dating to about 3300 BC, was discovered by two German tourists.
- 1995: Unabomber ‘Ted Kaczynski’s manifesto was published in TheWashington Post and The New York Times, which was withdrawn nearly three months later.
- 2005: Al-Qaeda deputy Ayman al-Jawahri said that al-Qaeda implemented the group’s plan and the bombing plan on London’s public transport system at 7 a.m. in July.
- 2006: Military coup in Thailand, followed by General Surayud as Prime Minister.
- 2006: The return of the spacecraft Atlantis is delayed by a day as an unknown object is seen floating near the shuttle.
- 2006: Royal Thai military overthrows ThaiPrime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra’s elected government when she was in New York City for the election of the United Nations General Assembly.
- 2007: Yuvraj Singh of India set the record for the fastest half-century off 12 balls by hitting six sixes in an over off Broad in a T20 match against England in Durban.
- 2007: As the number of rocket attacks aimed at Israeli civilians is increasing, the Israeli government has declared the Palestinian-controlled Gaza Strip an ‘enemy unit’. It also decides to cut services in the region.
- 2008: China remembers a large amount of milk and milk products, such as baby formula. This drastic measure comes after inspectors detect melamine in liquid milk that stains the baby’s formula. This formula was the reason that killed four children and made more than six thousand children ill.
- 2009: A gay pride march in Belgrade, Serbia, is called off after police and Prime Minister Mirko Kvetkoviok tell organizers that they cannot guarantee the safety of those involved in a peaceful march.
- 2011: Rescue efforts continue for the victims of the 2011 Sikkim earthquake. The quake has claimed at least 67 innocent lives in India, Nepal and Tibet so far.
- 2012: Yoshihiko Nada’s cabinet overturns a pledge made earlier in the week by the Japanese government to end its dependence on nuclear power in the 2030s.
- 2014: Apple iPhone 6 started selling.
- 634: Byzantine-Arab Wars-Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid captured Damascus from the Byzantine Empire.