September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 20 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 20. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 20 September:
- 1066: King Harald III of Norway and his England’s Tostig Godwinson fought and defeated North Earls Edwin and Morker at the Battle of Fulford near York, England.
- 1260: The second of two major Prussian rebels by the Prussientrib of the Baltes commences against the Teutonic Knights.
- 1388: Sultan Feroz Shah Tughlaq III of Delhi died.
- 1498: A tsunami caused by the Meio Nankaido earthquake expelled the building of the Great Buddha statue at Kotaku-in Kamakura, Japan.
- 1697: The Treaty of Rinesvik was signed between France and the Grand Alliance, ending the Nine Years’ War.
- 1797: US frigate constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston.
- 1803: Irish rebel Robert Emmett is executed.
- 1819: Carlsbad decras were issued throughout the German Confederation.
- 1831: First steam-powered bus built. Gordon Branz was the inventor of this bus with a capacity of 30 people and running very slow.
- 1839: The first railroad from Needleland to Amsterdam is Harlem inaugurated.
- 1848: American Association for the Advancement of Science is formed.
- 1867: After the merger of Hungry into Austria, François Jozeff formally became Emperor of Austria Hungry.
- 1881: Chester A. Arthur sworn in as the 21st President.
- 1884: ‘Ichle Rights Party’ formed in San Francisco.
- 1906: The world’s largest and fastest ship at the time, Inthai World’s ocean liner RMS Moortania was launched.
- 1925: Harold Lloyd comedy film The Freshman was screened.
- 1933: Annie Besant, a leading theosophist, supporter of women’s rights, author, speaker and India-loving woman died.
- 1943: World War II-Australian troops defeat imperial Japanese soldiers at the Battle of Kaipit in New Guinea.
- 1946: The first Cannes Film Festival opens in the resort town of Cannes. It will be an annual festival that will take place on the French Riviera.
- 1954: First program of Fortran language developed by IBAM is run on computer.
- 1970: Russian probes collected some rocks from the lunar surface.
- 1971: Hurricane Irene (satellite imagery.) Became the first known tropical cyclone to successfully cross Nicaraguato into the Pacific from the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1973: Billie Jean King wins the world famous Battle of Susques.
- 1977: A series of astronomical scenes of unknown nature were observed in the Western Soviet Union, Finland and Denmark.
- 1977: A series of astronomical events of unknown nature were observed in the Western Soviet Union, Finland and Denmark.
- 1984: The Cosby Show, which became one of three Americans to have the biggest ratings for five consecutive years, airs its pilot episode.
- 1990: US conducts nuclear test at Nevada test site.
- 1992: French voters ratify the Maastricht Treaty.
- 1995: 50th session of the United States General Assembly.
- 2001: During a televised address to a joint session of the United States Congress, US President George W. Bush declared a ‘war onterror’ against al-Qaeda and other global terrorist groups.
- 2005: 4 Indian soldiers killed after a terrorist attack in the eastern state of Manipur.
- 2007: 15,000 to 20,000 protesters marching in Louisiana, USA, in support of six black youths convicted for harassing their white classmates.
- 2007: The Canadian dollar briefly reaches the US dollar for the first time since 1976.
- 2008: Pakistan detained 13 Indian fishermen after sinking into Pakistani waters.
- 2008: An explosive-laden truck explodes in front of Marriotthotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, killing 54 people and injuring 26 others.
- 2009: Tadg became the first person to win the top prize in Australian Rules Football and Gaelic Football by winning the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship final with Kennelly Carey.
- 2010: Jupiter is the brightest object in the night sky next to the Moon. It is closest to the Earth since 1963, as a result of which it is also visible to the naked eye.
- 2011: The US officially ends the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” military policy, allowing gay and lesbian personnel to publicly declare their sexual orientation.
- 2011: The United States ended its ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ policy, which allowed gays and lesbians to openly serve in the military.
- 2012: Trade unions strike in India. This comes in response to plans that would open supermarkets for international competition.
- 2013: The US Obama administration and EPA propose that new coal plants be at least 40% cleaner than current coal plants to reduce harmful emissions to the environment.
- 2014: 49 hostages of the Islamic State are freed and returned to Turkey following an operation implemented by the Turkish government following June’s kidnapping in Mosul, Iraq. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan will not provide information about his actions in this rescue operation.