September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 21 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 21. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 21 September:
- 1621: King James I of Britain grants Sir Alexander Sterling the right to colonize the Nova Scotia.
- 1677: John and Nichols van der Heyden of the Netherlands obtained a patent for a fire extinguisher.
- 1745: Battle of Preston Pan: Bonnie Prince Charles defeated the British Government Army.
- 1745: Jacobite Rising-Jacobite contingents led by Charles Edward Stuartedef killed the Hanoverians at Prestonon in East Lothian, Scotland.
- 1746: French Expeditionary Army encircles Labordananis and Duplex Madras.
- 1776: American Revolutionary War — New York’s Great Fire broke out during the British occupation of New York City, destroying 1,000 buildings.
- 1780: Benedict Arnold gives British Major John Andre a plan for West Point.
- 1784: America’s first daily newspaper (Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser) is published.
- 1826: Construction of the Rydeu Canal started in Canada.
- 1857: Bahadur Shah II surrendered to the British.
- 1860: Second Opium War — Anglo-French army wins a decisive victory against soldiers of the Qing dynasty at the Battle of Palikao, allowing them to occupy Beijing.
- 1883: Telegraph service between US and Brazil started.
- 1895: The first automobile manufacturer “Durya Motor Wagon” company opened.
- 1897: The New Sun, a leading New York City newspaper, published an editorial of Francis Farsellas Church, stating, “Yes, Virginia is a Santa Claus”, a part of Christmas lore popular in the United States has been made.
- 1919: Steel strike begins in the United States.
- 1921: An explosion at a chemical product plant in Opau, Germany, killed about 800 people.
- 1921: A tower silo storing a mixture of 4,500 tons of ammonium sulfate and ammonium nitrate fertilizer exploded at a BASF plant in Ossappu city, Germany, killing at least 500 people.
- 1931: Great Britain decides to drop the gold standard, causing a minor panic in the US banking system.
- 1933: Egyptian Prime Minister Ismail Pasha Sidki resigns
- 1933: Salvador Lutroth hosts the first Empress Mexicana de la Luchalibar event in Mexico City, the world’s oldest continuously operating professional wrestling promotion.
- 1934: 4000 people died due to severe storm on Honsu island of Japan.
- 1936: German army begins its biggest maneuvers since 1914.
- 1937: j. R. R. Talliken’s fantasy children’s novel The Hobbit, presented as a predecessor to The Lord of the Rings, was first published.
- 1938: Great Hurricane cyclonic storm (speed of 183 mph) killed 700 people in New England, USA.
- 1938: The Great New England Hurricane made landfall on Long Island, New York, killing at least 500 people and injuring about 700 others.
- 1939: Romanian Prime Minister Armand Calinscu is assassinated by pro-Nazi members of the Iron Guard.
- 1942: Nazis kill 2588 Jews in Ukraine, Dunevtsy.
- 1942: The prototype model of the Boeing B-29 Superfortress, a four-engined heavy bomber that became one of the largest aircraft of Sewesquier during World War II, took off for the first time.
- 1953: North Korean No Kum-sok, with its MiG-15, unsuccessfully pursued Operation Mullah as an American effort to bribe communist pilots.
- 1964: Malta gained independence from Britain.
- 1965: O. of Soviet Union. Kommisarva set a world record by jumping 46250 feet from a parachute.
- 1965: Portugal angered the United Kingdom by independently declaring a mission in Lisbon to represent Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia), a British colony.
- 1982: Declared by the First International Day of Peace (United Nations).
- 1985: North and South Korea open their borders to meet families.
- 1987: The world’s first conference on artificial life was held at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
- 1991: Armenia gained independence from the Soviet Union.
- 1999: Chi-Chi earthquake in central Taiwan killed 2400 people.
- 1999: A 7.6 MW earthquake hits Jijie, Nantou County, Taiwan, killing 2,416 people, injuring more than 11,000 people and causing nearly $ 300 billion in damage.
- 2000: Liberal Democratic Friends India Society was established for better relations between India and Britain.
- 2005: Junichiro Koizumi was re-elected Prime Minister of Japan.
- 2005: At least 50 people die after a series of storms and floods in the Bay of Bengal in Bangladesh and India. Many more are currently missing, and authorities fear the safety of more than a hundred fishermen who depend on going to sea for their livelihood.
- 2007: At least 27 people have died in Karachi area of Pakistan by drinking poisonous liquor.
- 2008: The number of infants in China has increased to 12,892 due to adulterated milk products and baby formula.
- 2010: The Commonwealth Games Federation demands that India improve the living conditions of athletes’ villages in Delhi.
- 2011: Google’s new social network service, Google+, has been released to the general public.
- 2012: A researcher at the University of Cambridge predicts that in about four years, the Arctic polar ice cap will melt completely in the summer months due to a significant rise in global temperatures.
- 2013: Typhoon Usagi hit the northern Philippines resulting in severe flooding and landslides. This is disrupting transportation, communication and power supply.
- 2013: Unidentified gunmen launch a three-day attack on the upmarketweightgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, resulting in the death of 67 people with at least 175 injuries.
- 2014: NASA is examining Mars to enter NASA’s orbit. This journey has taken 10 months to complete. The investigation will collect data for a year on the Upper Martian atmosphere. This will help answer potential questions about climate change on the planet.