September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 22 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 22. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 22 September:
- 1539: Guru Nanak Dev, the first Guru of the Sikh sect, died at Kartapur. It was he who started the practice of ‘langar’.
- 1586: Eighty years of war-Spanish forces were made victorious against the embattled Anglo-Dutch army at the Battle of Zufen.
- 1711: French troops capture Rio de Janeiro.
- 1735: Robert Walpole becomes the first British “Prime Minister” (actually the first Lord of the Treasury) to live at 10 Downing Street.
- 1756: Nassau Hall opened at Princeton University.
- 1761: King George III and Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom were crowned.
- 1776: Captain Nathan Hale, a spy for the American army revolutionaries, was hanged by the British Army.
- 1784: Russia establishes a colony in Kodiak, Alaska.
- 1792: Establishment of the Republic of France is announced.
- 1792: The era of the historic French Republican calendar begins.
- 1792: After the abolition of the monarchy, a day after the French Revolution-National Convention was voted, the French First Republic came into existence.
- 1827: Joseph Smith claimed in 1838 that on this day he had taken golden plates from the place where he had been stored and that he began writing the Book of Mormon from him the following December.
- 1832: After Sultan Mahmud II rejected Muhammad Said Agha, Qasim al Ahmad was appointed as the new Ottoman governor (Matullam) of Jerusalem (Qudus).
- 1862: President Lincoln on January 1 ordered the slaves of all states to be freed.
- 1862: US President Abraham Lincoln issued the Declaration of Independence, declaring the freedom of all slaves in the Confederate until January 1, 1863.
- 1903: American citizen Italo Marchioni is granted a patent for an ice cream cone.
- 1914: German warship Imden bombed Madras port.
- 1914: World War I – German naval forces bombard papaya in French Polynesia.
- 1922: After nine days, the great fire of Smyrna was extinguished, causing thousands of deaths.
- 1934: Annexplosion at Gresford Colliery, Wales, one of Britain’s worst mining accidents, killed 266 people.
- 1949: The Soviet Union successfully tests the first atomic bomb.
- 1949: Soviet Union explodes, this is the first atomic bomb, it is 4 years after America.
- 1955: Television commercialized in Britain. In this, the advertisement was allowed to be broadcast for only six minutes every hour and it was not allowed to run on Sunday morning.
- 1955: ITV was established as the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom.
- 1957: François ‘Papa Doctor’ Duvalier was elected as the populist president of Haiti before the unification of power and ruled as a dictator for his life.
- 1965: A ceasefire took place on the initiative of the United Nations on this day in the battle between India and Pakistan.
- 1965: A ceasefire is declared between India and Pakistan regarding the status of Kashmir occupation.
- 1966: American vehicle ‘Savior-2’ hits the lunar surface.
- 1979: Maulana Abdul Ali Maududi, founder of Jamiat-e-Islam, passed away.
- 1980: The ongoing border conflict between Iran and Iraq turned into a war.
- 1994: The Nordhard Land Bridge, which crosses Salhusfjorden between Clonwet and Flatto in Hordaland, and is the second longest bridge in Norway, was officially opened.
- 2005: Australia agrees to fund Indonesia’s response to avian influenza by providing anti-viral drugs to protect health workers in the event of an epidemic. A team from the World Health Organization is being sent to Jakarta.
- 2006: Atlantis special craft on a construction mission of the International Space Station landed at Kennedy Space Center in US safely.
- 2006: According to reports, the number of sick people after consuming tainted spinach has reached 166 in 25 US states.
- 2007: NASA’s Air Craft discovers seven cave-like shapes on Mars.
- 2007: Turkish Foreign Minister Ali Babakan condemns US support of the PKK terrorist group, which is responsible for attacks on Turkish forces.
- 2009: Security has been beefed up all over Germany after an Al-Qaeda video surfaced threatening an attack on troops not withdrawing from Afghanistan.
- 2010: U.N. According to Security Council resolution 1929, Russia further banned the sale of arms and ammunition to Iran.
- 2011: Mansoor Ali Khan Pataudi, former captain of the Indian cricket team and Nawab of Pataudi, died on this day.
- 2012: The Roman Catholic Church in the Australian state of Victoria has shamefully admitted that more than 600 children were sexually abused by priests since the 1930s.
- 2013: Two suicide bombers attack a church in the Pakistani city of Peshawar. They killed at least 78 people.
- 2014: Demonstrators block Wall Street as they demand action on climate change, a UN climate change platform scheduled to take place tomorrow.
- 904: After the Emperor Zhu Quanzhong wrested control of the imperial government, the Tang dynasty killed Emperor Zhaojong, the glorious emperor of China.