September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 28 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 28. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 28 September:
- 1066: William the Conqueror and his fleet of about 600 ships land Savensex near Sussex, embarking on the Norman conquest of England.
- 1542: Portuguese explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo is the first European to travel along the coast of California, now in the city of San Diego.
- 1767: Sajjan 17 forbids private slave transport to the Cape of Good Hope, India.
- 1796: Queen Catherine the Great signs an agreement with Great Britain, formally joining Russia in the alliance.
- 1825: George Stevenson drove the first engine to pull the passenger rail.
- 1837: Samuel Morse files a warning for the Telegraph’s patent.
- 1838: The last Mughal emperor in India Bahadur Shah Zafar ascended the throne after the death of his father.
- 1850: Abolition of whipping in US Navy abolished.
- 1867: Toronto is made the capital of Ontario.
- 1868: The Battle of Alcole begins due to Queen Isabella II of Spain fleeing France.
- 1887: Floods in China’s Hwang-ho River killed about 1.5 million people.
- 1889: The first General Conference on Weight and Measure was held.
- 1891: In Monte Video the railwaymen established the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club, which later changed its name to Peñarol, which is now Uruguay’s most successful football club.
- 1892: Football’s first night match.
- 1895: Famous French scientist Louise Pasteur died.
- 1901: Philippine-American War — Filipino guerrillas kill more than forty American soldiers in a surprise attack in the town of Balangiga on the island of Samana.
- 1907: At the age of 23, the famous freedom fighter of India Sardar Bhagat Singh was hanged.
- 1915: Britain defeated the Turks in the Battle of Qut-al-Amra.
- 1918: An estimated 30 million people died worldwide in the world’s worst flu pandemic in history. The epidemic is of the Spanish flu, which is called this way, as the first major break caused many deaths in Spain.
- 1924: A team of US Army Air Service Aviators arrives in Seattle, Washington to complete the world’s first air perimeter navigation.
- 1928: Scottish biologist and pharmacologist Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin when he spotted a bacteria-killing mold in his laboratory.
- 1929: Sur samagri great playback singer Lata Mangeshkar was born.
- 1950: Indonesia becomes the 60th member of the United Nations.
- 1958: Constitution implemented in France.
- 1963: Wama !, now considered one of Roy Lichtenstein’s most important works, was the first film in an exhibition held at the Leo Castelli Gallery, New York City.
- 1972: Paul Henderson scores a game-winning goal against Vladislavtrić, with the Soviet ice hockey team winning Canada in the summit series.
- 1977: India’s famous poet Sumitranandan Pant died. He is one of the four major pillars of the Chhayawadi era in Hindi literature.
- 1978: Pope John Paul I died just 33 days after his pope election as an apparent myocardial infarction, resulting in the most recent year of three popes.
- 1994: 800 people died when Etomia’s water vessel sank in the Turk Sea.
- 1994: The ferry MS Estonia sank while traveling between Tallinn, Estonia and Stockholm, Sweden, claiming that 852 people live in one of the worst accidents in the Baltic Sea.
- 1995: Russian President Boris Yeltsin offers to maintain Russian peace in former Yugoslavia. It would be working with NATO forces provided that NATO ceased bombing Serb forces.
- 1995: More than 30 mercenaries led by Bob Dunnard descend on Comoros Inan in a coup attempt, their fourth since 1975 on the African island nation.
- 1996: Former Afghan President Mohammad Najibullah vandalized and murdered by the Taliban.
- 2003: A power outage has blacked out close to 90% of Italy’s country. Thousands of people stranded in trains and elevators were left behind by power cuts.
- 2004: The World Bank named India as the fourth largest economy in the world.
- 2008: SpaceX makes the Falcon 1 orbit, becoming the first privately developed liquid-fueled space launch vehicle to do so.
- 2008: SpaceX’s Falcon 1 rocket received orbit in its fourth attempt, a liquid-propelled orbital launch vehicleleaded with private funding.
- 2009: The country of Iran successfully test-fired long-range missiles. This comes amid controversy over the country’s nuclear enrichment program. The missiles have the capability to reach US military bases and as far as Israel.
- 2009: Oxfam launches an emergency appeal for £ 9.5 million for Oxopia and other East African countries. This is to help fight the worst drought in a decade.
- 2010: Business-software giant Oracle files a lawsuit in US District Court in San Francisco. It is alleged that Micron Technology, a company that manufactures memory chips, colluded with other manufacturers to fix prices.
- 2011: Japan asks South Korea to cancel plans to build a memorial for Korean World War II ‘comfort women’ near the Japanese Embassy in Seoul.
- 2012: The World Health Organization says that the previously unknown corona virus, which originated from Saudi Arabia, is not highly contagious.
- 2013: A 6.8 magnitude earthquake struck the Pakistani province of Balochistan. It was a major aftershock that killed at least 515 people in the same area four days after the 7.7-magnitude earthquake.
- 48: Pompey the Great was assassinated at the behest of Egyptian Ptolemy, when he landed in Egypt following a decisive defeat by Julius Caesar at the Battle of Falsalus.