September is the ninth month of the year in our modern-day Gregorian calendar. In older versions of the ancient Roman calendar, September was the seventh month of the year. It became the ninth month when January and February were added to the calendar.
September was originally september mensis, the seventh month of the year in the Roman calendar and consisted of 30 days. Its name was changed during the Julian calendar reform in 153 BCE to honor Julius Caesar.
According to Gregory calendar, the day number 365 in a year and if it is a leap year then the day number is 366. September 30 has its own special significance in India and world history.
In modern times, September has 30 days. September starts on the same day of the week as December every year.
Here you will find some important events that happened today in Indian and world History on September 30. Read on to know more about this day.
List of Important Historical events of 30 September:
- 1399: Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Lancaster, deposed Richard II Tobacom Henry IV of England, merging the Duchy of Lancaster with Crook.
- 1730: Nabab Emades XI of Savoyi resigns from his post.
- 1744: France and Spain defeated the Kingdom of Sardinia in the Battle of Madonna dello Olmo.
- 1790: Leopold II begins to rule over the Holy Roman Emperor.
- 1801: Treaty of London signed for initial peace between the French First Republic and Great Britain and the United Kingdom of Ireland.
- 1841: The famous American scientist Samuel Slocum patented ‘Stapler’.
- 1846: American Dentist Dr. William Morton first used ‘anesthetic ether’ to extract the patient’s teeth.
- 1847: Vegetarian Society formed in Great Britain.
- 1877: The first American amateur swimming meet was held.
- 1880: American doctor Henry Draper took the first portrait of the Orion Nebula.
- 1882: The Vulcan Street plant is the first hydroelectric center in NorthAmerica to serve a system of private and commercial customers located in Appleton, Wisconsin, USA.
- 1898: American city of New York is established.
- 1908: One of the famous poets of Hindi, Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar was born on 23 September 1908 at a place called Simaria.
- 1929: The first rocket to carry manned flight.
- 1939: Germany and Russia agree on partition of Poland.
- 1939: World War II General Vladislav Sikorsky became the Prime Minister of the Polish government’s exile.
- 1947: Pakistan and Yemen join the United Nations.
- 1947: Pakistan and Yemen become members of the United Nations.
- 1952: Revised standard version of the Bible published and released to the public.
- 1955: American film actor James Dean suffered a fatal injury in a forward crash on a car near Cholme, California.
- 1965: Members of the 30 September movement attempted a coup against the Indonesian government, which was crushed by military undershirts, resulting in a mass anti-communist purge with more than 500,000 people in the following months.
- 1966: The British Protected State of South Africa, Bechuanaland declared independence and became the Republic of Botswana.
- 1966: Saratse Khama became the first president of Botswana when the Bachuanaland Protectorate gained independence from the United Kingdom.
- 1967: International Monetary Fund (IMF) reforms the monetary system.
- 1979: Construction of the Kwang Tong line, Hong Kong’s first line of MTR rapid transit systems completed.
- 1980: Iran continues to bomb oil installations in Baghdad, as Iraqi planes bombard oil refineries in the Persian Gulf.
- 1993: Earthquake in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra killed more than 10,000 people and left millions homeless.
- 1993: A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes the city of Latur in southern India. 6.3 There is no severe earthquake according to the general accounts, but as a result of poor construction of houses and the presence of several temporary village huts, and over 10,000 deaths due to the time when individuals fell asleep in the houses at dawn went.
- 2001: Former veteran Congress leader Madhav Rao Scindia died in an air crash in Mainpuri.
- 2003: Famous Indian chess player Vishwanathan Anand won the World Rapid Chess Championship.
- 2004: Japanese researchers take the first photographs of a living veteran in his natural habitat.
- 2005: A United Nations health expert, who is coordinating the response to the recent Southeast Asian bird flu outbreak, also known as avian influenza, has warned that the disease may be up to 150 million ‘Can kill people. Bird flu has killed a large number of birds and more than 60 humans in Asia since 2003.
- 2005: Danish newspaper Zielands-Posten published controversial cartoons depicting Muhammad, seen by many Muslims as Islamophobic and blasphemous.
- 2006: Indian Police accuses Pakistan’s security and intelligence service that ISI was the mastermind in the Mumbai train bombings in July. The terrorist attack was carried out by the terrorist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, in which about 200 people were killed.
- 2007: The Jewish community in India is angered after a company produced a bedspread titled “Nazi Collection”. The brand included a swastika symbol next to the name. Company owner Kapil Kumar Todi argued that the term Nazi was used as an abbreviation for “New Arrival Zone of India” and that the swastika symbol was also a symbol used in Hinduism.
- 2008: Chinese milk scandal: Dutch food giant Unilever began recalling Lipton-brand milk tea powder in the cities of Hong Kong and Macau, as a small percentage of them were found to melt.
- 2009: A 7.6 MW earthquake struck the southern coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 1,115 people and affecting an estimated 1.25 million people.
- 2010: The Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court ruled in the disputed Babri Masjid case, dividing the land into three parts and giving one part each to Ramlala, Nirmohi Akhara and Waqf Board.
- 2011: Serbian authorities banned a gay pride parade from proceeding, citing apprehension that it sparked violence. Authorities decided to ban several defendant protesters from appearing on the scheduled parade day. Officials stressed that the move was to protect public safety.
- 2012: Spain has announced that it expects to increase its debt level in 2013.
- 2013: Pharmaceutical giant GlaxoSmithKline agrees to sell Aspen PharmaCare to its thrombosis drug brands.
- 2014: The first case of Ebola virus found in the US is being treated in the US city of Dallas, Texas.
- 737: The Muslim conquest of the Transoxiana-Turgesh tribes attacked the UPWED baggage train, which was sent ahead of the Mainforce, and captured it.